Last update:
2020-06-08

Port expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain

By 2020 the conflict on La Punta, Valencia, is reactivated after the announcement that the PE wil be approved to develop the ZAL.


Description:

La ciudad de Valencia se encuentra en una zona de tierras extraordinariamente fértiles (llamada l'Horta de Valencia). Especialmente desde la década de 1960, todos los tipos de desarrollo urbano (casas, carreteras, industrias, centros comerciales, universidades y museos) han tenido lugar a expensas de l'Horta de Valencia.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Port expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain
Country:Spain
State or province:Valencia
Location of conflict:Valencia
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Transport Services, Logistical Services
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

ZAL was a center for logistic development. The idea behing it was that all sorts of goods could be stored, transfomed or exchanged in that area. Warehouses could be built and all type of services related to assistance to transport could be offered (restaurants, hotels or recreation areas).

Project area:75
Level of Investment:160, 000,000.00
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:2,000
Start of the conflict:1993
Relevant government actors:Regional government of Valencia , Valencian Town Council
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associació de Veïns La Unificadora de La Punta, Plataforma Salvem La Punta, Salvem l’Horta
Plataforma horta és futur NO a la ZAL
Comissió Ciutat-Port
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Industrial workers
Informal workers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
squatters
university students
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Oil spills
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsDepression
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Land demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
Repression
- Popular Legislation Initiative
Development of alternatives:There was no need of port expansion.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:More than 100 families were evicted and 75 hectares of Horta were destroyed. In the end the expansion of the port did not happened and what used to be one of the most fertile zones in Europe now is unused sterile land. In July 2013, the Highest Court of Justice ratified that the Urbanistic Plan which destroyed La Punta de Valencia was illegal and, therefore, null.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Pla especial d´ampliació del patrimoni públic de sòl per al desenvolupament de la zona dactivitats logístiques. Conselleria dObres públiques, urbanisme i transport. Febrer de 1998.

La participación, un clamor de la ciudadanía
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

VVAA (1999) Els valors de la Punta. 18 arguments en defensa de lHorta. València: Universitat de València.

Propuestas desde AE-Agró
[click to view]

Documentary about lhorta. A Tornallom:
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Per l'Horta web:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. El TSJ ratifica la nulidad del plan que destruyó la huerta de La Punta. El Pais:
[click to view]

40 organizaciones sociales rechazan el Plan Especial para la expansión del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

Catorce asociaciones exigen la retirada del Plan especial de la ZAL del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

La plataforma 'Horta és futur' presenta alegaciones al proyecto de la ZAL para «recuperarla para la ciudad»
[click to view]

El conflicto por la ampliación portuaria de València
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Photo-exhibition:
[click to view]

Other comments:El conflicto se ha reanudado 2017/2018 tras el anuncio, por parte de la Administración, por tercera vez, de la reanudación del procedimiento para aprobar el Plan Especial para desarrollo de la ZAL (Zona de actividades Logísticas) del Puerto de Valencia.
Nueva escalada del conflicto en 2019-2020, con motivo de la salida a licitación de las obras de ampliación norte.
Meta information
Contributor:Amaranta Herrero 1ª Fase. Sucesivas modificaciones 2017-2018-2019-2020: Liduvina Calatayud/Mediacciona
Last update08/06/2020
Comments
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