Last update:
2021-09-27

Local LGBTQI struggles for post-disaster recovery turn into the Climate Change and Human Rights Inquiry against “Carbon Mayors”, The Philippines

Typhoon Yolanda converted Arthur, a transgender woman from Tocablan City (Leyte, Philippines) into an activist and a leader for human rights and environmental justice.


Description:

Typhoon Yolanda and its aftermaths

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Local LGBTQI struggles for post-disaster recovery turn into the Climate Change and Human Rights Inquiry against “Carbon Mayors”, The Philippines
Country:Philippines
State or province:Leyte Island (Philippines)
Location of conflict:Tacoblan City
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Climate change related conflicts (glaciers and small islands)
Specific commodities:Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to the World Bank, the EMDAT disaster database shows that between 2000 and 2008, weather-related disasters accounted for 98% of all people affected and 78% of all the people who died due to disasters in the Philippines. The World Bank also stated that annually the country has to spend 0.5% of its GDP on natural disasters [12]. Between 1998 and 2009, the country had to deal with costs of up to US$24.3 billion (23.9% of GDP) due to storms, exposing 12.1 million people [13].

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Project area:600,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2013
Company names or state enterprises:Chevron Texaco Corp. (Texaco Corp.)
ExxonMobil Oil Corporation
Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
ConocoPhillips Co.
Peabody Energy from United States of America
Total SA (Total) from France
BHP Billiton (BHP) from United Kingdom
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:GREENPEACE SOUTHEAST ASIA (PHILIPPINES): https://www.greenpeace.org/southeastasia/

PHILIPPINE RURAL RECONSTRUCTION MOVEMENT (PRRM): http://www.prrm.org/

DAKILA (Philippine Collective for Modern Heroism): https://www.dakila.org.ph/about

SENTRO NG MGA NAGKAKAISA AT PROGRESIBONG
MANGGAGAWA (SENTRO): https://www.facebook.com/sentrolabor/

MOTHER EARTH FOUNDATION: http://www.motherearthphil.org/

ECOWASTE COALITION: http://www.ecowastecoalition.org/

NIUGAN or The Nagkakaisang Ugnayan ng Mga Magsasaka at
Manggagawa sa Niyugan: http://www.prrm.org/niugan.html

PHILIPPINE HUMAN RIGHTS INFORMATION CENTER
(PhilRights): https://www.philrights.org/

ASIA PACIFIC MOVEMENT ON DEBT AND DEVELOPMENT
(APMDD): https://www.apmdd.org/

NUCLEAR FREE BATAAN MOVEMENT (NFBM): https://notobnpp.wordpress.com/tag/nfbm/

PHILIPPINE ALLIANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS ADVOCATES
(PAHRA): https://philippinehumanrights.org/index.php?

13. 350.org East Asia: https://world.350.org/east-asia/
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Other Environmental impacts, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Desertification/Drought
Other Environmental impactsIncreasing natural disasters
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Other socio-economic impactsDiscriminatory post-disaster recovery processes
Outcome
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (undecided)
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The petitioners and climate advocates around the world are awaiting the outcome of the landmark inquiry in 2020
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] Ilagan & Malnegro (2016). The Leyte Community Resilience Enhancement Project Report.
[click to view]

[10] Klein, N. (2007). Shock economy. The rise of Disaster Capitalism.

[7] (Junio, A, 2018) KFAW. The 27th Foreign Correspondent Report: Sexual Minorities and Disasters in the Philippines (Junio 2018).
[click to view]

[8] Rich, A.C (1980). Compulsory Heterosexualityv and Lesbian Existance. Journal of Women's History, Volume 15, Number 3, Autumn 2003, pp. 11-48.

[9] Gaillard, J.C., Sanz, K., Balgos, B., Dalisay, S., Gorman-Murray, A., Smith, F., and Toelupe, V. (2016). ‘Beyond men and women: a critical perspective on gender and disaster’ in Disasters. Overseas Development Institute.

[2] Marjanac (2018). Amnesty International. Why climate activists are turning to the law to take on fossil fuel companies.
[click to view]

[3] Greenpeace. The Possible, The Miraculous, True Wonders (2018)
[click to view]

[4] Greenpeace. What the impact of Stonewall has taught me about environmental rights (Nichols 2019)
[click to view]

[5] ABS CBN News. Tales in tikog leaves: Weaving past 'Yolanda (Quintos 2016)
[click to view]

[6] Greenpeace. 9 truths strengthened by the PH Climate Change & Human Rights Inquiry. (Fernandez J.C, 2020)
[click to view]

[11] Oxfam. Life as a Gay Man in a Resettlement Site (Golong 2016)
[click to view]

[12] A strategic approach to climate change in the Philippines. World Bank, 6.
[click to view]

[13] IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Small Islands. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 688, at 1638
[click to view]

[14] (Climate Communications, Overview: Current Extreme Weather & Climate Change.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Alexandra D'Angelo ([email protected])
Last update27/09/2021
Comments
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