Prirazlomnoye oil field, Russia

Prirazlomnoye is an Arctic offshore oil field located in the Pechora Sea, capable of extracting 5 million tons per year. In 2012-13 Greenpeace and other environmental organizations protested strongly because of the risk of oil spills.


Prirazlomnoye field is an Arctic offshore oil field located in the Pechora Sea, south of Novaya Zemlya, Russia. The field development is based on the single stationary Prirazlomnaya platform, which is the first Arctic-class ice-resistant oil platform in the world. The field was discovered in 1989. In 1993, the development license was issued to Rosshelf, a subsidiary of Gazprom. In June 2000, Gazprom and German energy company Wintershall signed a memorandum on cooperation in developing the Prirazlomnoye field.

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Basic Data
NamePrirazlomnoye oil field, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
SitePechora Sea
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsPrirazlomnoye field has reserves of 610 million barrels (97 million cubic metres); projected oil production comes up to some 6 million tons a year (to be reached after 2020).

The first accident happened in the middle of October 2011: during a storm blew off the evacuation ladder. Information about the incident appeared in the media only in November.

Resource platform "Prirazlomnaja" is designed for 25 years.

UPDATE.Five years after the Greenpeace incident, it was reported in the Barents Observer, 19 March 2018 (1) that this platform which is Russia’s only offshore Arctic oil platform, in 2017 had extracted a total of 2,6 million tons, operator company Gazprom Neft Shelf informs. In 2018, production wouldl increase to 3,6 million tons and in 2020, the Prirazlomnaya will reach its target production of about five million tons.(1). Operator Gazprom Neft Shelf, a subsidiary of Gazprom Neft, in the course of 2017 drilled another four production wells, as well as one so-called discharge well.

The Prirazlomnoye field holds a total of 70 million tons of oil. Extracted oil is shipped by ice-class tankers to the «Umba», a 300,000 ton tanker located in the Kola Bay, near the city center of Murmansk.

Since the Prirazlomnoye came into production in late 2013, a total of 5,9 million tons of oil has been shipped from the production site in the Pechora Sea to Murmansk. It is part of a quickly growing Russian Arctic oil shipping scheme. In addition to the Prirazlomnaya oil, there are increasing volumes of liquid hydrocarbons shipped from Gazprom Neft’s Novy Port field in Yamal and Lukoil’s Varandey terminal on the Nenets coast.(1)

Level of Investment (in USD)2,600,000,000
Start Date01/01/2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesRosshelf from Russian Federation
Rosneft from Russian Federation
Gazprom Neft Shelf from Russian Federation
Wintershall from Germany
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGreenpeace Russia, Russian Bird Conservation Union, WWF Russia, Bellona Russia, Socio-Ecological Union
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Occupational disease and accidents
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Most of the protests were not taken into account. The company didn't consider it necessary to conduct additional research in the field of environmental protection and protection from oil spills.
Sources and Materials

Joint statement by Greenpeace Russia, Russian Bird Conservation Union, WWF Russia, Bellona Russia, Socio-Ecological Union
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General information (English)
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10 reasons to take action to stop Gazprom's Prirazlomnaya oil platform
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Greenpeace Arctic Sunrise ship case
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"Gazprom Neft Shelf" refused to take part in the meeting with environmental organizations
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Prirazlomnaya oil spill would threaten Russian Arctic with irreparable disaster: study
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(1) Barents Observer, Atle Staalesen, 19 March 2018.
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Media Links

Greenpeace action on the Anna Akhmatova ship (27.08.2012)
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Greenpeace Activists board Gazprom Arctic Oil Platform
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GreenPeace ship boarded by Russia, 2 Canadians arrested
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Other Documents

Dmitry Medvedev by PrirzlomnajaПриразломная_(нефтяная_платформа)
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platform "Prirazlomnaja"
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Greenpeace protest
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potential oil pollution
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Greenpeace actions
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The Brazilian activist Paula Maciel Alminhana in court in St. Petersburg
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Meta Information
ContributorNatalia Finogenova
Last update18/06/2019