Privatisation of the Almoraima, Cádiz, Spain


The Almoraima is a public property that belongs to the Natural Park Agency, under the direction of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Located in Castellar de la Frontera (Cadiz) and described as an incredible environmental paradise, this public property spans 14,109 hectares. About 90% of them occupy the southeast edge of the Alcornocales Natural Park, where the largest cork oak forest in the Iberian Peninsula is found. This park has been declared as an Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean, and has been listed as a Special Area of ​​Conservation and a Special Area for Bird Protection). In this area, low impact forestry and farming activities are carried out and about 100 people work.

See more...
Basic Data
NamePrivatisation of the Almoraima, Cádiz, Spain
SiteCastellar de la Frontera
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Establishment of reserves/national parks
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific Commodities
Tourism services
Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)1400
Type of PopulationRural
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Environment, Andalucian regional government, Castellar de la frontera Town Council
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPlataforma por una Almoraima Pública, Verdemar - Ecologistas en Acción Algeciras, Sindicato Andaluz de Trabajadores
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
unemployed people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
- raising awareness and coordinating through social media
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other- Maintenance of a medieval land ownership regime

Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseInstitutional changes
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Development of Alternatives- A better management of the Almoraima in which certain activities such as organic farming, low impact tourism and some low impact forestry activities can take place for the locals while maintaining the status of public land.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.This conflict started recently and the Almoraima is still for sale.
Sources and Materials

LEY 5/2007, de 3 de abril, de la Red de Parques Nacionales:
[click to view]


Videoclip youtube:
[click to view]

Other CommentsAmaranta Herrero
Meta Information
ContributorAmaranta Herrero
Last update24/06/2014