In late 2017, The Africa Development Bank’s (AfDB) Sustainable Energy Fund for Africa (SEFA) approved a $995,000 grant to Asticom Kenya Ltd. for construction of a 10 to 40MW grid-connected waste-to-energy (WTE) incineration plant at the Dandora Landfill site in Kibera, a suburb of Nairobi, Kenya [1,2]. The grant funds a full environmental and social impact assessment, detailed engineering designs, and project-related legal and financial advisory services. The incinerator would generate electricity by converting municipal solid waste from the Dandora landfill into biogas and ethanol . The project is being presented as a beneficial development project, and according to the AfDB, “The planned diversion and use of municipal solid waste is set to have significant health, social and development outcomes, and will be of benefit to the inhabitants of Kibera, a community that receives 1,000 tonnes of municipal solid waste daily from Nairobi County”. The project aligns with AfDB’s High 5 development priorities, which include an agenda to “Light up and Power Africa”, a 10-Year Strategy, a Private Sector Development Strategy (2013-2017), an Energy Sector Policy (2012) and the New Deal on Energy for Africa. It is also being promoted as a means of implementing Kenya’s National Development Plan and the AfDB’s Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Kenya, which prioritises the “enabling of physical infrastructure to unleash inclusive growth”.