There have been numerous protests in recent years focused on petrochemical plants that produce paraxylene, known as PX, a chemical used in making polyester fibre and plastics. China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of PX and polyester, vital for the country’s textile and plastics industry. PX plants are especially unwelcome in China because they release PM2.5, a particle which contributed to a higher rate of death than the amount of deaths from smoking, and to which deaths from air pollution are sometimes largely attributed. The first PX protest was in 2007, when over ten thousand residents of Xiamen in Fujian province ‘went for a walk’ to oppose the construction of a large PX plant near a residential area. Similar protests took place in Dalian in 2011, Jiujiang and Ningbo in 2012. In May 2013, some residents in Kunming marched to protest the Anning PX (paraxylene) Project, Chengdu residents opposed the Pengzhou Petrochemical Project . But PX and other chemical plants have also become unwelcome because of large-scale injuries and disruption caused from plant disasters. PX plants have been the object of large-scale protests in the past, for example, where thousands demonstrated against the planned building of PX plants in Maoming, Guangdong in April 2014, protests turned violent with police actions . The explosion of a petrochemical plant that produced PX in Zhangzhou, Fujian in 2013 and 2015 also led to the injuries of hundreds and the evacuation of over 30,000.  Of course, these incidents, too, were underreported on media.