Kirkenes is a small town in far northeastern Norway, close to the Finnish and Russian borders . In Kirkenes a popular movement against a nickel plant in the locality of Nikel in the Pechengsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Kola peninsula, took place in 1990. The polluting nickel plant is only 7 km from the Norwegian border. It seems that it will be finally closed down in 2020. Back in 1990, the movement was called «Stop the Soviet Death Clouds» marked the start of a long-lasting Norwegian battle against Russian nickel polluters which continued for a long time . Members of the movement took bold action in their bid to stop the Russian polluters. The movement managed to attract wide-reaching attention from all of Norway  . This early environmental movement was joined by some 40 percent of Norwegians living in areas abutting the new Russian border .