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Liulitun Waste Incineration Power Plant, Haidian District, Beijing, China

One Beijing community's successful fight against plans to build a garbage incinerator shows how environmental activism intersected with a nascent homeowners' rights movement.


In the end of 2006, residents living around Liulitun landfill learned that the Haidian District Government decided to construct a waste incineration power plant on the south side of the landfill with investment of more than 800 million yuan, which would start in March 2007. [1] The plan of local government triggered great opposition of surrounding residents. They worried that the planned plant would degrade the environment and cause serious damage to human health.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Liulitun Waste Incineration Power Plant, Haidian District, Beijing, China
State or province:Beijing
Location of conflict:Liulitun
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Incinerators
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

2,000 tons of waste per day.

Level of Investment for the conflictive projectAbout 120,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:01/12/2006
End of the conflict:07/06/2007
Relevant government actors:Beijing municipal government, Beijing Environment Protection Bureau, Haidian district government of Beijing, State Environmental Protection Administration of China, etc.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Members of the CPPCC National Committee
Local inhabitants
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Homeowners stood in uniform shirts outside the offices of SEPA
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths
Other Health impactsAlleged emission of dioxin and other furans leading to cancer
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:From December 2006 to June 2007, the local residents living around the proposed sitting of Liulitun waste incineration power plant successfully stopped the construction of this incinerator through a series of actions such as administrative review, public campaigns and collective petitions. Although it is not sure what role the environmental justice played in this protest against Liulitun waste incineration power plant, local residents' collective actions to some extend successfully protected their own civil rights.
Sources & Materials

[1] 北京六里屯垃圾焚烧厂因居民反对拟迁址_新闻_腾讯网
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[2] 南方周末 - 北京六里屯垃圾场事件如何收场
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[3] 北京六里屯垃圾焚烧发电厂缓建始末_新闻中心_新浪网
[click to view]

[4] 北京将建10座垃圾焚烧发电厂 曾因选址问题遭市民反对-中新网
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[5] Community Wages War on Construction. On June 7, 2007, China's State Environment Protection Administration (SEPA) called for a waste incinerator plant in Beijing's northern district of Haidian to suspend construction due to pollution concerns. This was a happy victory for nearby residents who vehemently opposed the proposed plant. A recent feature in the local Democracy & Law daily paper reveals the hard work behind the six-month campaign they launched to safeguard their neighborhood.
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Beijing Neighbors Unite Against Incinerator Plans. April 9, 2009.

Anthony Kuhn

Anthony Kuhn
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Meta information
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:2412
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