Liulitun Waste Incineration Power Plant, Haidian District, Beijing, China

One Beijing community's successful fight against plans to build a garbage incinerator shows how environmental activism intersected with a nascent homeowners' rights movement.


In the end of 2006, residents living around Liulitun landfill learned that the Haidian District Government decided to construct a waste incineration power plant on the south side of the landfill with investment of more than 800 million yuan, which would start in March 2007. [1] The plan of local government triggered great opposition of surrounding residents. They worried that the planned plant would degrade the environment and cause serious damage to human health.

See more...
Basic Data
NameLiulitun Waste Incineration Power Plant, Haidian District, Beijing, China
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Incinerators
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project Details2,000 tons of waste per day.
Level of Investment (in USD)About 120,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date01/12/2006
End Date07/06/2007
Relevant government actorsBeijing municipal government, Beijing Environment Protection Bureau, Haidian district government of Beijing, State Environmental Protection Administration of China, etc.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMembers of the CPPCC National Committee

Local inhabitants
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Homeowners stood in uniform shirts outside the offices of SEPA
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths
OtherAlleged emission of dioxin and other furans leading to cancer
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.From December 2006 to June 2007, the local residents living around the proposed sitting of Liulitun waste incineration power plant successfully stopped the construction of this incinerator through a series of actions such as administrative review, public campaigns and collective petitions. Although it is not sure what role the environmental justice played in this protest against Liulitun waste incineration power plant, local residents' collective actions to some extend successfully protected their own civil rights.
Sources and Materials

[1] 北京六里屯垃圾焚烧厂因居民反对拟迁址_新闻_腾讯网
[click to view]

[2] 南方周末 - 北京六里屯垃圾场事件如何收场
[click to view]

[3] 北京六里屯垃圾焚烧发电厂缓建始末_新闻中心_新浪网
[click to view]

[4] 北京将建10座垃圾焚烧发电厂 曾因选址问题遭市民反对-中新网
[click to view]

Media Links

[5] Community Wages War on Construction. On June 7, 2007, China's State Environment Protection Administration (SEPA) called for a waste incinerator plant in Beijing's northern district of Haidian to suspend construction due to pollution concerns. This was a happy victory for nearby residents who vehemently opposed the proposed plant. A recent feature in the local Democracy & Law daily paper reveals the hard work behind the six-month campaign they launched to safeguard their neighborhood.
[click to view]

Beijing Neighbors Unite Against Incinerator Plans. April 9, 2009.

Anthony Kuhn

Anthony Kuhn
[click to view]

Other Documents

[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update15/11/2016