Zhuxi Industrial Park in Huaxi, Dongyang, Zhejiang, China

In April 2005, thousands of people rioted in a village in southeastern China, overturning police cars and driving away officers who had tried to stop elderly villagers protesting against pollution from nearby factories in a chemical park.


Description

Dongyang County is located in Jinhua Municipality, Zhejiang, about a two-hour drive from Hangzhou.  Huashui (画水) is one of the less-well-off towns in a prosperous region and is known for its plastic recycling. The Huashui Town government oversees 18 “administrative villages”, most of which are further divided into “natural villages”.  Huaxi (画溪) is an administrative village which is composed of six natural villages.[1]

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Basic Data
NameZhuxi Industrial Park in Huaxi, Dongyang, Zhejiang, China
CountryChina
ProvinceZhejiang
SiteHuaxi Village (used to be a town), Huashui Town, Dongyang County, Jinhua City
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Chemical industries
Agro-toxics
Specific CommoditiesTrifluralin, ammonium bifluoride, Tricyclazole, etc.
Land
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAt its peak, the park contained 13 factories, mainly producers of chemicals, pesticides, dye and pharmaceuticals. Nearly all the factories generated a substantial amount of water and air pollution.
Project Area (in hectares)64
Level of Investment (in USD)unknown
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population20,000
Start Date2001
End Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesDongnong Chemical Industry Limited Company (dongnong) from China
MAX (Dongyang) Chemicals Co., Ltd. (MAX) from United States of America
Relevant government actors-Dongyang Government
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters-Societies of Senior Citizens
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Societies of Senior Citizens
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Shareholder/financial activism.
Property damage/arson
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Refusal of compensation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Genetic contamination
OtherExcessive fluoride in agro products, vegetables didn't grow
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other Health impacts
OtherThe poisonous fumes also led to deformed babies being born in the village, with residents also fearing for the safety of children in two schools that are less than 100m away from the park.
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Specific impacts on women
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood
Otherincreased costs for villagers to buy food from outside
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Deaths
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (undecided)
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The local villagers forced 11 polluting factories off their land, but there are still more problems related. One is the long-term environmental and health impacts, and the other issue is that the local people are still keen to the plastics recycling business in the next years.
Sources and Materials
References

[6] Briggs, Adam. 2006. “China’s pollution victims: still seeking a dependable remedy.” Georgetown International Environmental Law Review 18 (2), 305–334.
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[3] Deng, Yanhua, and Guobin Yang. "Pollution and protest in China: Environmental mobilization in context." The China Quarterly 214 (2013): 321-336.
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[10] Deng, Yanhua, and Kevin J. O'Brien. "Societies of senior citizens and popular protest in rural Zhejiang." The China Journal 71 (2014): 172-188.
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Links

[2] 浙江东阳环保纠纷冲突真相
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[1] 百度百科:画溪镇
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[7] Thousands of Chinese Villagers Protest Factory Pollution
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[8] Chinese Riot Over Pollution
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[9]污染引发冲突事件调查 画水镇一年生了5个怪胎
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[11]浙江“4.10东阳画水事件”的根源与演变/卢相府
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[13]环境保护事关企业生死存亡
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[14]沉寂5年竹溪工业园现又热闹起来 画水让我重新看你
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[5]污染始于规划:叩问浙江东阳画水河事件
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[4]浙江东阳昨天因环境污染发生万人骚乱
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[12] Chem plants at Huaxi, China shut after pollution protests
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Other Documents

The overturned buses
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Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB
Last update20/04/2018
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