PT Ampibabo and PT Agri Toribulu oil palm companies in Parimo Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Several sub-districts of Parigi Moutong Regency are mobilizing has against palm oil developments in the regency. Focus is put on the operations of PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu Asri, who administer oil palm concessions in 4 sub-districts.


Several sub-districts of Parigi Moutong (Parimo) Regency, Central Sulawesi, are resisting further oil palm developments in the regency. In 2016, at a hearing at the regency government, representatives from several sub-districts jointly demanded no more oil palm plantation permits to be granted and a revocation of existing permits.  Despite the chairman of the parliament giving his word to explore the issue, the situation remains indifferent (1).  The mobilization has mainly targeted the operations of PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu Asri who administer 15,067 ha and 11,533 ha of oil palm plantations respectively, divided over the four sub-districts of Ampibabo, Toribulu, Siniu and Parigi Utara. Initially, the public discontent with the two companies concerned the fact that they started their operations without first undertaking an environmental impact assessment (in Indonesian: Analisa Menegenai Dampak Lingkungan (AMDAL)). However, as a result of public pressure and media attention, an AMDAL was carried out. The companies received a number of remarks and were forced to act in order not to lose their licenses (3).  The PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu Asri's permits issued by the Perimo Regent cover productive land belonging to community members, and the water intensive oil palm compromises the amount of water available to local people's rice plantations and worsens the cultivation conditions for other crops. Mobilization has been seen in the form of street protests, transmitting the message of oil palm being destructive to the regency environment and a source of conflict, as well as the urgent need for land reform (4, 5, 6).  

Basic Data
NamePT Ampibabo and PT Agri Toribulu oil palm companies in Parimo Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
ProvinceSulawesi Tengah, Kabupaten Parigi Moutong (Parimo)
SiteKecamatan Ampibabo, Kecamatan Toribulu, Kecamatan Siniu, Kecamatan Parigi Utara
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesLand
Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsGolden Land Bhd (incorporated in Malaysia) has 68.75% shares in Parimo Agri Holding Pte Ltd (PAH) and Parigi Plantation Holding Pte Ltd (PPH) (both incorporated in Singapore). PAH, in turn, has a 80% stake in PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PPH has a corresponding share in PT Agri Toribulu Asri. PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu have location permits of 15,067 ha and 11,533 ha respectively in four sub-districts of Parigi Moutong Regency. The reason for Golden Land's (indirect) investment in Indonesian plantations was allegedly an experience of expansion in Malaysia being difficult due to land and labour shortages (7)
Project Area (in hectares)26,600
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population~51,300
Start Date0000
Company Names or State Enterprises PT Agri Toribulu Asri from Indonesia
PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari from Indonesia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAliansi Gerakan Reforma Agraria [Agrarian Reform Alliance] (Agra)

Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara [Indigenous Peoples' Alliance of the Archipelago] (AMAN) Sulteng

FPR Sulawesi Tengah
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Sources and Materials

(1) Walhi Sulteng, (2016). Masyarakat Parimo Proyek Sawit Desak Pemkab Parimo Cabut Izin Perusahaan.
[click to view]

(2) Jaya Pos, (2014a). Dua Perusahaan Asing Diduya Lakukan Pembibiton
[click to view]

(4) Sulteng Raya, (2016). Cabut Izin Kelapa Sawit! DPRD Parmat Keluarkan Rekomendasi.
[click to view]

(7) The Star, (2015). Golden Land Buys Oil Palm Plantation Abroad.
[click to view]

(3) Jaya Pos (2014b). Pemda Akan Cabit Izin Jika Perusahaan Tidak Segera Beroperasi.
[click to view]

(5) AGRA, (2016). Tolak Ekspansi Perkebunan Sawit, FPR Sulawesi Tengah Datangi DPRD dan Kantor Gubernur.
[click to view]

(6) Satu Sulteng, (2016). Sepuluh Tuntutan FPR Sulteng Kepada Kebijan Agraria Jokowi / JK.
[click to view]

Other Documents

Protest, Parimo Regency Source:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEmmy Iwarsson (ICTA-UAB)
Last update16/04/2018