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PT Ampibabo and PT Agri Toribulu oil palm companies in Parimo Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

Several sub-districts of Parigi Moutong Regency are mobilizing has against palm oil developments in the regency. Focus is put on the operations of PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu Asri, who administer oil palm concessions in 4 sub-districts.


Several sub-districts of Parigi Moutong (Parimo) Regency, Central Sulawesi, are resisting further oil palm developments in the regency. In 2016, at a hearing at the regency government, representatives from several sub-districts jointly demanded no more oil palm plantation permits to be granted and a revocation of existing permits.  Despite the chairman of the parliament giving his word to explore the issue, the situation remains indifferent (1).  The mobilization has mainly targeted the operations of PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu Asri who administer 15,067 ha and 11,533 ha of oil palm plantations respectively, divided over the four sub-districts of Ampibabo, Toribulu, Siniu and Parigi Utara. Initially, the public discontent with the two companies concerned the fact that they started their operations without first undertaking an environmental impact assessment (in Indonesian: Analisa Menegenai Dampak Lingkungan (AMDAL)). However, as a result of public pressure and media attention, an AMDAL was carried out. The companies received a number of remarks and were forced to act in order not to lose their licenses (3).  The PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu Asri's permits issued by the Perimo Regent cover productive land belonging to community members, and the water intensive oil palm compromises the amount of water available to local people's rice plantations and worsens the cultivation conditions for other crops. Mobilization has been seen in the form of street protests, transmitting the message of oil palm being destructive to the regency environment and a source of conflict, as well as the urgent need for land reform (4, 5, 6).  

Basic Data
Name of conflict:PT Ampibabo and PT Agri Toribulu oil palm companies in Parimo Regency, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
State or province:Sulawesi Tengah, Kabupaten Parigi Moutong (Parimo)
Location of conflict:Kecamatan Ampibabo, Kecamatan Toribulu, Kecamatan Siniu, Kecamatan Parigi Utara
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Golden Land Bhd (incorporated in Malaysia) has 68.75% shares in Parimo Agri Holding Pte Ltd (PAH) and Parigi Plantation Holding Pte Ltd (PPH) (both incorporated in Singapore). PAH, in turn, has a 80% stake in PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PPH has a corresponding share in PT Agri Toribulu Asri. PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari and PT Agri Toribulu have location permits of 15,067 ha and 11,533 ha respectively in four sub-districts of Parigi Moutong Regency. The reason for Golden Land's (indirect) investment in Indonesian plantations was allegedly an experience of expansion in Malaysia being difficult due to land and labour shortages (7)

Project area:26,600
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:~51,300
Start of the conflict:0000
Company names or state enterprises: PT Agri Toribulu Asri from Indonesia
PT Ampibabo Agro Lestari from Indonesia
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Aliansi Gerakan Reforma Agraria [Agrarian Reform Alliance] (Agra)
Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara [Indigenous Peoples' Alliance of the Archipelago] (AMAN) Sulteng
FPR Sulawesi Tengah
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

(4) Sulteng Raya, (2016). Cabut Izin Kelapa Sawit! DPRD Parmat Keluarkan Rekomendasi.
[click to view]

(3) Jaya Pos (2014b). Pemda Akan Cabit Izin Jika Perusahaan Tidak Segera Beroperasi.
[click to view]

(7) The Star, (2015). Golden Land Buys Oil Palm Plantation Abroad.
[click to view]

(5) AGRA, (2016). Tolak Ekspansi Perkebunan Sawit, FPR Sulawesi Tengah Datangi DPRD dan Kantor Gubernur.
[click to view]

(6) Satu Sulteng, (2016). Sepuluh Tuntutan FPR Sulteng Kepada Kebijan Agraria Jokowi / JK.
[click to view]

(2) Jaya Pos, (2014a). Dua Perusahaan Asing Diduya Lakukan Pembibiton
[click to view]

(1) Walhi Sulteng, (2016). Masyarakat Parimo Proyek Sawit Desak Pemkab Parimo Cabut Izin Perusahaan.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Emmy Iwarsson (ICTA-UAB)
Last update16/04/2018
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