PT ICA land conflict on Sumatra, Indonesia


In mid-2012, the Regent of Batanghari issued a license for PT Inti Citra Agung (PT ICA) to establish an oil palm plantation in a concession area of 7,800 hectares. The area spreads in 9 villages in Mersam District. Mersam District is a paddy producing district and most inhabitants of those 9 villages are food farmers. Paddy farmers of Mersam Village think that if PT ICA is allowed to establish an oil palm plantation in their village the impact on the food and water resource area would be catastrophic. The forest area also provides rattan for the community, which they process into various kinds of tools for their daily activities. If the government wants Self-Food-Sufficiency in the form of rice, it has to revoke the license of PT ICA, said members of the community of Mersam Village, who reject PT ICAs oil palm project. They fear that approximately 1,000 hectares of rice-field land would be damaged and lost if an oil palm plantation is established in their village.

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Basic Data
NamePT ICA land conflict on Sumatra, Indonesia
ProvinceJambi province, Sumatra
SiteBatanghari regency
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)7800
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Inti Citra Agung (PT ICA) from Indonesia
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Forestry
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersYayasan SETARA Jambi, Yayasan CAPPA-Ecological Justice, Perkumpulan Hijaudan Aliansi Gerakan Reforma Agraria (AGRA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Community looks for support at the Parliament and among NGOs and farmers organizations
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.It will only be a success if communities will be able to stop the project, e..g when the government revokes the license.
Sources and Materials
Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update08/04/2014