PT Ledo Lestari (LL) conflict, Kalimantan, Indonesia


Oil palm is today the fastest growing monoculture in the tropics. Indonesia is the world's largest producer. The country has witnessed a massive conversion of customary (adat) land to oil palm (and fast-wood) plantations. Between 1967 and 2007, oil palm monocultures have increased about 50 times and the government is planning to expand the area under plantation.

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Basic Data
NamePT Ledo Lestari (LL) conflict, Kalimantan, Indonesia
ProvinceWest Kalimantan
Sitevillage of Semunying Jaya
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesPalm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe regional government had given Duta Palma a 20,000 hectare land concession directly on top of all 18,000 hectares of Semunying Jaya’s sacred forest. Duta Palma is one of the largest palm oil companies in Indonesia, producing some 432,000 tons of crude palm oil annually, according to its web site. It has at least 155,000 ha of plantations in Riau and Jambi in Sumatra and West Kalimantan in Indonesian Borneo. [2]
Project Area (in hectares)20,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2002
Company Names or State Enterprises PT Ledo Lestari (PT LL)
PT Agung Multi Perkasa from Indonesia
Duta Palma Nusantara from Indonesia
Relevant government actorsIndonesian Military, Regional Government
International and Financial InstitutionsRound Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) from Malaysia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersWest Kalimantan People’s Struggle Front, Other local and National groups, Rainforest Action Network, Greenpeace
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
The Dayak indigenous community
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
- Seizing of a motorcycle, a Komatsu excavator, and chainsaws, appeal to Indonesia's Human Rights Commission [1]
-The community fined the company under customary law.
- Villagers issued an anti-oil palm declaration.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
OtherPOTENTIAL: water shortage (the forest was forest protected by the community to ensure the irrigation of their rice and other fields).
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Other- Destruction of community rubber plantations.

- Destruction of sacred forest.
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Imprisonment by the police of two protesters, the village head and secretary were arrested
Development of AlternativesVillagers issued a declaration which stated “the Semunying Jaya community call upon you to respect the sovereignty of our land, the protection of our water and forest resources as we inform you that we still refuse any oil palm plantation in our area, in whatever from or shape it may be”.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Very significant movement for sustainable traditional agriculture and against oil palm monocultures. But unfortunately little concrete results. Recent data needed!
Sources and Materials

Marti, S., 2008. Losing ground – the human rights impacts of oil palm plantation expansion in Indonesia. Friends of the Earth, London; SawitWatch, Bogor.
[click to view]

Potter, L., 2008. Dayak resistance to oil palm plantations in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Paper presented at the 17th Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association of Australia, Melbourne, 1-3 July 2008.
[click to view]

[1] Gilbert, D., 2009. Duta Palma's filthy supply chain: a case study of a palm oil supplier in Indonesia. San Francisco: Rainforest Action Network.
[click to view]


[2] Palm oil company violated RSPO standards, evicted from sustainability body, May 2013
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJ.-F. Gerber
Last update26/05/2014