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PT Pakerin land use conflict with Pangkala Bayat community, Indonesia


PT Pakerin received a concession license for timber plantation from the Minister of Forestry for an area of more than 43,000 hectares, and started the operation in 1992. After a fire in 1997, the plantation was abandoned. In July 2012, the 250 people from the community of Pangkala Bayat started to occupy, to effectively reclaim their land. They use the acacia trees of the plantation to build houses and start to grow crops. The area occupied is about 1,250 hectares.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:PT Pakerin land use conflict with Pangkala Bayat community, Indonesia
State or province:South-Sumatra
Location of conflict:Musi Banyu Asin Regency
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific commodities:Cellulose
Project Details and Actors
Project details

PT Pakerin is one of the main paper producers in Indonesia, with own plantations and headquarters in Surabaya

Project area:43,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population::about 250 people involved in occupation
Start of the conflict:1992
Company names or state enterprises:PT Pakerin from Indonesia
Relevant government actors:Minister of Forestry
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:CAPPA, Walhi South Sumatra, Dewan Petani Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatran Farmers Board)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Land occupation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Development of alternatives:People want to reclaim and recover the area, plant food and restablish their livelihoods.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:There are hundreds of land conflicts in Indonesia between, on the one hand, oil palm and pulp plantation companies, and on the other hand local communities. Although this is an occupation that started recently, people have been able to maintain the land now for 2 months, while a neigboring community (Simpang Bayat) has been already maintaining its land occupation against the same company for 2 years.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

World Rainforest Movement
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Meta information
Contributor:Winnie Overbeek
Last update24/06/2014
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