PT Pakerin land use conflict with Pangkala Bayat community, Indonesia


PT Pakerin received a concession license for timber plantation from the Minister of Forestry for an area of more than 43,000 hectares, and started the operation in 1992. After a fire in 1997, the plantation was abandoned. In July 2012, the 250 people from the community of Pangkala Bayat started to occupy, to effectively reclaim their land. They use the acacia trees of the plantation to build houses and start to grow crops. The area occupied is about 1,250 hectares.

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Basic Data
NamePT Pakerin land use conflict with Pangkala Bayat community, Indonesia
SiteMusi Banyu Asin Regency
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsPT Pakerin is one of the main paper producers in Indonesia, with own plantations and headquarters in Surabaya
Project Area (in hectares)43,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population:about 250 people involved in occupation
Start Date1992
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Pakerin from Indonesia
Relevant government actorsMinister of Forestry
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCAPPA, Walhi South Sumatra, Dewan Petani Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatran Farmers Board)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Forms of MobilizationLand occupation
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Development of AlternativesPeople want to reclaim and recover the area, plant food and restablish their livelihoods.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.There are hundreds of land conflicts in Indonesia between, on the one hand, oil palm and pulp plantation companies, and on the other hand local communities. Although this is an occupation that started recently, people have been able to maintain the land now for 2 months, while a neigboring community (Simpang Bayat) has been already maintaining its land occupation against the same company for 2 years.
Sources and Materials

World Rainforest Movement
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Meta Information
ContributorWinnie Overbeek
Last update24/06/2014