PT SPN Oil Palm Company in Lee Village, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

PT SPN applied for and was granted a land use permit over Lee Village territory in 2009 without prior and informed consent having been obtained from the villagers or the Village Government.


PT Sinergi Perkebunan Nusantara (PT SPN), earlier PT Perkebunan Nusantara XIV (PT PNXIV), has been granted nine Hak Guna Usaha (HGU) land use permits (long term commercial leases) in the district Mori Atas which together add up to 18,584 ha. One of those was obtained in 2009 and occupies an area of 1,895 ha, out of which 800-1150 ha (the number of hectares differ depending on sources, see (1) (2) (3). This area includes rice fields, farmland, grazing land, water sources and sacred sites (4). 

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Basic Data
NamePT SPN Oil Palm Company in Lee Village, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
ProvinceKecamatan Mori Atas, Kabupaten Morowali Utara di Sulawesi Tenga
SiteLee Village
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesLand
Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsPT SPN does not have a processing plant in the North Morowali region but relies on transportation of fruit to other processors, such as Agro Astra Lestari (ALL) and PPT Sinar Mas (6).
Project Area (in hectares)1,895 (total plantation area 20-HGU-BPN RI-2009, (27.01 .09))
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population150 households
Start Date2014
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Sinergi Perkebunan Nusantara (SPN)
Relevant government actorsMinister of State Secretariat, the Minister of Environment and Forestry, the Governor of Central Sulawesi, the Head of BPN Sulteng, the DPRD of Central Sulawesi, the Regent of Morowali, the Regent of North Morowali, the North Morowali DPRD, BPN Morowali, the Chief of Morowali Police, the Head of the Land Dispute Team of North Morowali Regency
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersYayasan Tanah Merdeka (YTM,
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of alternative proposals
Official complaint letters and petitions
Meetings with the National Land Agency (BPN) and related agencies
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Fires, Soil contamination
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Displacement
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Militarization and increased police presence
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Status of conflict unknown
Sources and Materials

(4) Mongabay, 2015. Ketika Desa Lee di Morowali Minta Dikeluarkan dari HGU Perkebunan Sawit
[click to view]

(6) YTM, 2017. Kondisi Kelas Pekerja Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit PT SPN di Morowali Utara
[click to view]

(5) Mongabay 2015. Demo Warga di Morowali Berhasil Hentikan Aktivitas Perkebunan Sawit
[click to view]

(1) Perkebunannews 2016. Perusahaan Negara Rampas Tanah Petani di Desa LEE
[click to view]

[click to view]

(3) PRP Indonesia, 2016. Perusahaan Negara Melakukan Praktek Perampasan Tanah Petani di Desa Lee
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: PT. Perkebunan Nusantara XIV (PTPN), now changed to PT. Sinergi Perkebunan Nusantara (PT SPN).
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEmmy Iwarsson (ICTA-UAB)
Last update24/03/2018