PT Tor Ganda conflict, Sumatra


Oil palm is today the fastest growing monoculture in the tropics. Indonesia is the world's largest producer. The country has witnessed a massive conversion of customary (adat) land to oil palm (and fast-wood) plantations. Between 1967 and 2007, oil palm monocultures have increased about 50 times and the government is planning to expand the area under plantation.

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Basic Data
NamePT Tor Ganda conflict, Sumatra
Sitevillages Mahato and Dalo-Dalo, Rokanhulu district, Riau province
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesPalm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)10,000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1999
End Date1999
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Tor Ganda
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNone
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Forms of MobilizationStreet protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Pure repression.
Sources and Materials

Human Rights Watch (HRW), 2003. Without remedy: human rights abuse and Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry. New York: HRW.
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Meta Information
ContributorJ.-F. Gerber
Last update05/05/2014