Last update:
2014-05-05

PT Tor Ganda conflict, Sumatra

Description:

Oil palm is today the fastest growing monoculture in the tropics. Indonesia is the world's largest producer. The country has witnessed a massive conversion of customary (adat) land to oil palm (and fast-wood) plantations. Between 1967 and 2007, oil palm monocultures have increased about 50 times and the government is planning to expand the area under plantation.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:PT Tor Ganda conflict, Sumatra
Country:Indonesia
State or province:Sumatra
Location of conflict:villages Mahato and Dalo-Dalo, Rokanhulu district, Riau province
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:10,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1999
End of the conflict:1999
Company names or state enterprises:PT Tor Ganda
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:None
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Pure repression.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Human Rights Watch (HRW), 2003. Without remedy: human rights abuse and Indonesia’s pulp and paper industry. New York: HRW.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:J.-F. Gerber
Last update05/05/2014
Comments
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