PT TSG conflict, Sumatra, Indonesia


Oil palm is today the fastest growing monoculture in the tropics. Indonesia is the world's largest producer. The country has witnessed a massive conversion of customary (adat) land to oil palm (and fast-wood) plantations. Between 1967 and 2007, oil palm monocultures have increased about 50 times and the government is planning to expand the area under plantation.

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Basic Data
NamePT TSG conflict, Sumatra, Indonesia
SiteKinali sub-district, region of Kabupaten Pasaman, West province
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific CommoditiesPalm oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1993
End Date2000
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNagari Kinali Community Rights Advocacy Team, with the support of the West Sumatran University Students Communication Forum (FKMSB) and the Advocacy and Research Institute (LRA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Minangkabau communities (Nagari)
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
- Lobbying company and state officials
- Burning and chopping down oil palms
- Harvesting the fruits and cultivating on disputed lands
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Land demarcation
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.In response to the conflict, the company compensated the land and improved communal land as a compensation (environmental success?) but did not develop the smallholder plantations (seen as too expensive).
Sources and Materials

Afrizal, M., 2007. The Nagari community, business and the state. Moreton-in-Marsh: Forest Peoples Programme; Bogor: SawitWatch.

Meta Information
ContributorJ.-F. Gerber
Last update26/05/2014