Last update:
2014-05-26

PT TSG conflict, Sumatra, Indonesia

Description:

Oil palm is today the fastest growing monoculture in the tropics. Indonesia is the world's largest producer. The country has witnessed a massive conversion of customary (adat) land to oil palm (and fast-wood) plantations. Between 1967 and 2007, oil palm monocultures have increased about 50 times and the government is planning to expand the area under plantation.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:PT TSG conflict, Sumatra, Indonesia
Country:Indonesia
State or province:Sumatra
Location of conflict:Kinali sub-district, region of Kabupaten Pasaman, West province
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1993
End of the conflict:2000
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Nagari Kinali Community Rights Advocacy Team, with the support of the West Sumatran University Students Communication Forum (FKMSB) and the Advocacy and Research Institute (LRA)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Minangkabau communities (Nagari)
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
- Lobbying company and state officials
- Burning and chopping down oil palms
- Harvesting the fruits and cultivating on disputed lands
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Land demarcation
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:In response to the conflict, the company compensated the land and improved communal land as a compensation (environmental success?) but did not develop the smallholder plantations (seen as too expensive).
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Afrizal, M., 2007. The Nagari community, business and the state. Moreton-in-Marsh: Forest Peoples Programme; Bogor: SawitWatch.

Meta information
Contributor:J.-F. Gerber
Last update26/05/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.