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PT TSG conflict, Sumatra, Indonesia


Oil palm is today the fastest growing monoculture in the tropics. Indonesia is the world's largest producer. The country has witnessed a massive conversion of customary (adat) land to oil palm (and fast-wood) plantations. Between 1967 and 2007, oil palm monocultures have increased about 50 times and the government is planning to expand the area under plantation.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:PT TSG conflict, Sumatra, Indonesia
State or province:Sumatra
Location of conflict:Kinali sub-district, region of Kabupaten Pasaman, West province
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1993
End of the conflict:2000
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Nagari Kinali Community Rights Advocacy Team, with the support of the West Sumatran University Students Communication Forum (FKMSB) and the Advocacy and Research Institute (LRA)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Minangkabau communities (Nagari)
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
- Lobbying company and state officials
- Burning and chopping down oil palms
- Harvesting the fruits and cultivating on disputed lands
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Land demarcation
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:In response to the conflict, the company compensated the land and improved communal land as a compensation (environmental success?) but did not develop the smallholder plantations (seen as too expensive).
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Afrizal, M., 2007. The Nagari community, business and the state. Moreton-in-Marsh: Forest Peoples Programme; Bogor: SawitWatch.

Meta information
Contributor:J.-F. Gerber
Last update26/05/2014
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