Ecuador became one of the main shrimp-farming producing countries in Latin America and in the world throughout the 1980s-90s. This industry development was marked by a rapid expansion of the shrimp ponds along the Ecuadorian coast. As a result, coastal ecosystems, mainly salt flats and mangroves, experienced severe degradation processes, which at the same time negatively impacted on the ways of life of the population linked to these ecosystems. The estuary of the Chone river in the Manabi province was one of the most strongly affected by this industry. Already in the late 80s only some few remainders of the mangrove ecosystem associated to the Corazon and Fragata Islands, remained. Before this situation, inhabitants of Puerto Ebano, one of the ancestral gathering communities of this estuary started to organize and mobilize in an effort to avoid the definitive elimination of this ecosystem in the area.