In October 2008, the Ecuadorian government signed a contract with the petroleum company IVANHOE ENERGY Ec. INC for the exploration and exploitation of Block 20, known as the Pungarayacu project in the province of Napo in the Amazon region. This project is juxtaposed with the kichwa indigenous peoples territory, as well as with the Sumaco Biosphere Reserve. There was a huge controversy over the way the government preceded, given that it did not carry out a process of previous consultation to obtain previous and informed consent from the affected Kichwa population. The only thing the company did was to socialize the environmental impact study and the environmental management plan for the first phase of the project in 2009. As a consequence, some communities in the area have been mobilizing in opposition to the project. As a precedent, in 2004 various organizations from the same area formed the Front of Resistance to the Irrational Exploitation of Natural Resources, due to a previous consultation process driven by the government in relation to Block 20 together with the already disappeared Block 29.