Quilomboas of Conceicao das Crioulass struggle for land and water in Salgueiro/PE, Brazil


The quilombola community of Conceicao das Crioulas is located in the municipality of Salgueiro, in the central interior of Pernambuco, 550 km from Recife. It has about 750 families and its main economic activities are family farming, ranching and small-scale production in natural fibers, straw and clay. Local people has been fighting for many years for recognition of their territory that has been occupied by large scale farmers for a long time.

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Basic Data
NameQuilomboas of Conceicao das Crioulass struggle for land and water in Salgueiro/PE, Brazil
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)18000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1987
Company Names or State EnterprisesLocal farmers from Brazil
Relevant government actorsFundacao Cultural Palmares - FCP, Ministerio do Desenvolvimento Agrario - MDA, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociacao Quilombola de Conceicao das Crioulas
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseLand demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Property damage due to fire in one of the community buildings.
Development of AlternativesRecognition of their title over their territory
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite the titling of part of the territory of the community, the majority still remains under farmers control.
Sources and Materials

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Comunidade Quilombola de Conceicao das Crioulas luta por demarcacao de territorio tradicional. In: Access in: May 11, 2013.
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ASSOCIACAO QUILOMBOLA DE CONCEICAO DAS CRIOULAS. Nova cartografia social dos povos e comunidades tradicionais do Brasil, 6. In: Access in: May 11, 2013.
[click to view]

LEITE, Maria Jorge dos Santos. CONCEICAO DAS CRIOULAS: terra, mulher e identidade etnica no Sertao de Pernambuco. Mestrado em Sociologia. Universidade Federal do Ceara Universidade Regional do Cariri. Fortaleza. 2001. Disponível em: Acesso em: 07 abr. 20
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SOUZA, Vania Rocha Fialho Paiva e. Conceicao das Crioulas, Salgueiro (PE) in O’Dwyer, Eliane Cantarino. Quilombos, identidade etnica e territorialidade. Editora FGV, Rio de Janeiro, 2002.


COMISSAO PRO-INDIO DE SAO PAULO. Comunidades quilombolas do Estado de Pernambuco: Conceicao das Crioulas. In: Acess in: 07 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

INCRA e imitido na posse de area do territorio quilombola Conceicao das Crioulas (PE). Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria, 04 jun. 2012. In: Acess in: 09 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014