Last update:

Quilomboas of Conceicao das Crioulass struggle for land and water in Salgueiro/PE, Brazil


The quilombola community of Conceicao das Crioulas is located in the municipality of Salgueiro, in the central interior of Pernambuco, 550 km from Recife. It has about 750 families and its main economic activities are family farming, ranching and small-scale production in natural fibers, straw and clay. Local people has been fighting for many years for recognition of their territory that has been occupied by large scale farmers for a long time.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Quilomboas of Conceicao das Crioulass struggle for land and water in Salgueiro/PE, Brazil
State or province:Pernambuco
Location of conflict:Salgueiro
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:18000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1987
Company names or state enterprises:Local farmers from Brazil
Relevant government actors:Fundacao Cultural Palmares - FCP, Ministerio do Desenvolvimento Agrario - MDA, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associacao Quilombola de Conceicao das Crioulas
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Property damage due to fire in one of the community buildings.
Development of alternatives:Recognition of their title over their territory
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite the titling of part of the territory of the community, the majority still remains under farmers control.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

ASSOCIACAO QUILOMBOLA DE CONCEICAO DAS CRIOULAS. Nova cartografia social dos povos e comunidades tradicionais do Brasil, 6. In: Access in: May 11, 2013.
[click to view]

SOUZA, Vania Rocha Fialho Paiva e. Conceicao das Crioulas, Salgueiro (PE) in O’Dwyer, Eliane Cantarino. Quilombos, identidade etnica e territorialidade. Editora FGV, Rio de Janeiro, 2002.

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Comunidade Quilombola de Conceicao das Crioulas luta por demarcacao de territorio tradicional. In: Access in: May 11, 2013.
[click to view]

LEITE, Maria Jorge dos Santos. CONCEICAO DAS CRIOULAS: terra, mulher e identidade etnica no Sertao de Pernambuco. Mestrado em Sociologia. Universidade Federal do Ceara Universidade Regional do Cariri. Fortaleza. 2001. Disponível em: Acesso em: 07 abr. 20
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

INCRA e imitido na posse de area do territorio quilombola Conceicao das Crioulas (PE). Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria, 04 jun. 2012. In: Acess in: 09 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

COMISSAO PRO-INDIO DE SAO PAULO. Comunidades quilombolas do Estado de Pernambuco: Conceicao das Crioulas. In: Acess in: 07 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.