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Quilombolas land demarcation, Dourados/MS, Brazil


The quilombola community of Deziderio Felipe de Oliveira, Municipality of Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, faces the resistance of rural producers of soybeans and corn for the dermarcation of its territory. The 15 families occupy 41 hectares located in the remnants of the Cabeceira de Sao Domingos Farm and are fighting for recognition of 3,738 hectares of land belonging to descendants of Felipe Dezidério, many of who reside in peripheral neighborhoods of Dourados.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Quilombolas land demarcation, Dourados/MS, Brazil
State or province:Mato Grosso do Sul
Location of conflict:Dourados
Accuracy of locationLOW (Country level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific commodities:Corn/Maize
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Project area:3478
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:1935
Company names or state enterprises:Several farmers and rural producers
Relevant government actors:Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Fundacao Cultural Palmares - FCP, Tribunal Regional Federal da 1ª Regiao - TRF1, Fundacao Nacional de Saude - FUNASA, Instituto Historico e Geografico de Mato Grosso do Sul - IHGMS, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associacao dos Remanescentes de Quilombo Deziderio Felipe de Oliveira, Conselho Municipal de Defesa e Desenvolvimento dos Direitos dos Afro-brasileiros - COMAFRO, Forum Estadual da Comunidade Negra, Conselho Estadual dos Direitos do Negro - CEDINE
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The quilombolas have until now to achieve demarcation of their territory.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Quilombo Deziderio Felipe de Oliveira, em Dourados, enfrenta a resistencia de produtores rurais de soja e milho para obter a titulacao de seu territorio. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 24 abr
[click to view]

INCRA aprova criacao de quilombo na Picadinha. CEDEFES, 21 fev. 2011. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 17 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

INCRA notifica proprietarios sobre areas quilombolas em Picadinha. Dourados Informa, 05 mar. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 17 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

BRASIL. Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria. Tribunal rejeita exclusao de imoveis rurais de territorio quilombola em comunidade do Mato Grosso do Sul. 12 mar. 2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 17 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

TITULACAO de terras quilombolas e tema de encontro. Capital News, 10 set. 2008. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 11 fev. 2009.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
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