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Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS), India


The Rawatbhata nuclear power station (RAPS) is built at Rawatbhata, District Chittorgarh, near the Maharana Pratap Dam in Rajasthan. There are 6 Units operating today. The first two Indian PHWRs- RAPS-I and RAPS-2 were taken up for construction as a joint venture with Canada in the 60s. They are situated in Rawatbhata, a remote village in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan and about 64 kilometres from the industrial town of Kota.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS), India
State or province:Rajasthan
Location of conflict:Rawatbhata; District- Chittorgarh
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Dams and water distribution conflicts
Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Water
Titanium ores
Project Details and Actors
Project details

It has six nuclear power reactors at present with the total installed capacity of 1,180 MW. [1]

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:20
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Atomic Energy of Canada Limited from Canada
Nuclear Power Corporarion of India Ltd (NPCIL) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Government of Rajasthan
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:National Alliance of Peoples Movements [NAPM], People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament & Peace (CNDP), : The local section of BJP also opposed the plant.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
The locals, supported by the local BJP unit, had even called for a bandh in June 2012 at Rawatbhata on the safety issue issue surrounding the plant. Supported by hundreds of locals and party workers, BJP leaders from the area led a major protest rally, which ended in mass arrests. Those arrested were later released. The locals were also demanding development of infrastructure around the RAPS site [10].
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Local BJP leaders organised rally proceeded towards the RAPS site. Later, the agitators submitted a memorandum to the additional district magistrate in support of their demands [10]
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Compensation:::New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study:::Strengthening of participation
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

[5] IAEA team raised serious safety issues at Rawatbhata, say activists
[click to view]

[6] Activists cast doubts over IAEA review of Rajasthan atomic power plant
[click to view]

[7] Safety review of Rawatbhata plant underway
[click to view]

[8] Rawatbhata nuclear power station reports another tritium leak
[click to view]

[click to view]

[10] BJP, locals protest against proposed nuke site at Rawatbhata
[click to view]

The New York Times - Farmers Fight Nuclear Plant in Bid to Save Land
[click to view]

[1] Nuclear India
[click to view]

Down To Earth - Deaf to nuclear plant protests
[click to view]

[2] Fear of radiation grips locals residing near Rajasthans Rawatbhata nuclear power plant
[click to view]

[3] Centres nod for two power reactors
[click to view]

[4] Irradiated Lives: Contractual Workers at the Rawatbhata Nuclear Power Plant - See more at:
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Is India s nuclear industry safe?
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Swapan Kumar Patra

Other comments:[email protected]
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Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
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