Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS), India


The Rawatbhata nuclear power station (RAPS) is built at Rawatbhata, District Chittorgarh, near the Maharana Pratap Dam in Rajasthan. There are 6 Units operating today. The first two Indian PHWRs- RAPS-I and RAPS-2 were taken up for construction as a joint venture with Canada in the 60s. They are situated in Rawatbhata, a remote village in Chittorgarh district of Rajasthan and about 64 kilometres from the industrial town of Kota.

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Basic Data
NameRajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS), India
SiteRawatbhata; District- Chittorgarh
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Nuclear power plants
Specific Commodities
Titanium ores
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIt has six nuclear power reactors at present with the total installed capacity of 1,180 MW. [1]
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population20
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesAtomic Energy of Canada Limited from Canada
Nuclear Power Corporarion of India Ltd (NPCIL) from India
Relevant government actorsGovernment of India, Government of Rajasthan
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNational Alliance of Peoples Movements [NAPM], People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL), Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament & Peace (CNDP), : The local section of BJP also opposed the plant.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
The locals, supported by the local BJP unit, had even called for a bandh in June 2012 at Rawatbhata on the safety issue issue surrounding the plant. Supported by hundreds of locals and party workers, BJP leaders from the area led a major protest rally, which ended in mass arrests. Those arrested were later released. The locals were also demanding development of infrastructure around the RAPS site [10].
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Local BJP leaders organised rally proceeded towards the RAPS site. Later, the agitators submitted a memorandum to the additional district magistrate in support of their demands [10]
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Compensation:::New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study:::Strengthening of participation
Sources and Materials

[4] Irradiated Lives: Contractual Workers at the Rawatbhata Nuclear Power Plant - See more at:
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[1] Nuclear India
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[2] Fear of radiation grips locals residing near Rajasthans Rawatbhata nuclear power plant
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[3] Centres nod for two power reactors
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[5] IAEA team raised serious safety issues at Rawatbhata, say activists
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[6] Activists cast doubts over IAEA review of Rajasthan atomic power plant
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[7] Safety review of Rawatbhata plant underway
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[8] Rawatbhata nuclear power station reports another tritium leak
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[10] BJP, locals protest against proposed nuke site at Rawatbhata
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Down To Earth - Deaf to nuclear plant protests
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The New York Times - Farmers Fight Nuclear Plant in Bid to Save Land
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Is India s nuclear industry safe?
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Swapan Kumar Patra

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ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014