Red Frog Beach Tourist Complex, Panama

The local population achieved to contain the ostentatious deployment of the touristic complex thanks to the Court Supreme has declared in their favor.


The Red Frog Beach project consists of the construction of a gigantic tourist complex on Bastimentos Island. In 2007, the firm sought approval from Panamas national environmental agency, ANAM, to begin phase two of its project, which would include 800 more residential units, luxury hotel facilities and a second marina. By that time, the first phase of the project was still under construction. Opponents claimed the project risks profoundly affecting Bastimentos fragile rainforest, beach and coral-reef habitats and jeopardizing the cultural heritage of the island's indigenous peoples, such as the Ngobe-Bugle, who have consistently voiced their opposition to the Red Frog Beach Club project through direct protests and petitions.

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Basic Data
NameRed Frog Beach Tourist Complex, Panama
ProvinceBocas del Toro
SiteBastimentos Island
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project covers 1500 acres (600 ha) and originally envisaged the building of 800 villas, a port for the boats and a golf course.
Project Area (in hectares)600
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/2007
Company Names or State EnterprisesRed Frog Beach Club Project
Oceans International
IGY Marinas from United States of America
Pillar Panama S.A. from United States of America
Relevant government actorsMinisterio de Ambiente de Panama : ANAM, Supreme Court of Justice
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAlianza Bocas - Panama, Centro de Incidencia Ambiental (Ciam) - Panama
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Despite the court victory, the project has now been approved, with a new plan which will scale back considerably the project development footprint in order to preserve and showcase the natural environment that already exists on Isla Bastimentos.
Sources and Materials

Law n.24 from 1995 on wildlife

Law n.41 from 1998 (general law on the environment)


Supreme Court Decision 2008
[click to view]


Dendrobates pumilio frog biodiversity, 06/11/2005
[click to view]

Conozca el lodazal: Red Frog Beach Club, Almanaque Azul
[click to view]

Petición de los residentes de Bahía Honda, august 2006
[click to view]

Seas of mud: Red Frog Beach Club, Almanaque Azul
[click to view]

Ruling chastises ANAM, La Prensa, 7/12/2008
[click to view]

En el caso de Red Frog Beach ANAM había ignorado el interés colectivo, J. Arcia, 7/12/2008
[click to view]

Media Links

Isla Bastimentos Amenazada Online Album
[click to view]

Other Documents

Picasa Albums Web
[click to view]

Bahia Honda, between Solarte island and Bastimentos island, threaten of becoming a marina by Red Frog II Almanaque Azul
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorLucie Greyl
Last update11/01/2016