Last update:
2018-01-23

Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance project, Israel, Jordan and Palestine

In 2013, Israel, Jordan and Palestine signed an agreement on a project to replenish the rapidly shrinking Sea by transferring in water from the Red Sea along a 110-mile pipeline, in a region where distribution of water is a contentious issue.



Description:

The Dead Sea has shrunk by 30 percent in the past two decades. In 2013, Israel, Jordan and Palestine signed an agreement on an ambitious and contested project to replenish the rapidly shrinking Sea by transferring in water from the Red Sea along a 110-mile pipeline (1). The proposed pipeline known as  the Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project (Red-Dead), is meant to help to slow the dessication of the Dead Sea and provide water for Jordanians, Israelis and Palestinians (3).

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Basic Data
Name of conflict: Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance project, Israel, Jordan and Palestine
Country:Palestine
State or province:Red Sea area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Desalination
Specific commodities:Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Under the agreement, 300 million cubic metres (10.6 billion cubic feet) of water will be pumped each year under the first phase. In its following phases, the Red-Dead project will see the transfer of up to 2 billion cubic metres of sea water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea (3).

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Level of Investment for the conflictive project900, 000, 000
Type of populationUnknown
Company names or state enterprises:Arab Potash Company (APC) from Jordan
Relevant government actors:Water and Irrigation Ministry (Jordan & Israel)
International and Finance InstitutionsInternational Monetary Fund (FMI)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:EcoPeace Middle East, Friends of the Earth Middle East
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityUnknown
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Proposal and development of alternatives:EcoPeace Middle East has been calling on the World Bank to look into the current mismanagement of water resources in the region as the root cause for the demise of the Dead Sea.
EcoPeace Middle East has proposed restoring the flow of water in the Jordan River, which has been dammed and diverted until only 10% of its former flow reaches the Dead Sea. To do this, they argue that the mineral industry should be charged for the Dead Sea water used to fill evaporation ponds, which yield minerals like potash and magnesium.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

(6) FoEME’s Reaction to the Downscaling of the Jordan Red Sea Project
[click to view]

(4) Can a controversial canal stop thousands of sinkholes from forming around the Dead Sea?
[click to view]

(3) Red-Dead project poses threats to environment, conservationist claims
[click to view]

(1) Dead Sea neighbours agree to pipeline to pump water from Red Sea
[click to view]

(5) 5 alliances shortlisted to execute Red-Dead’s phase I
[click to view]

(2) Red Dead Canal Launch ‘Outrageously Irresponsible’
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:AWK
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:3257
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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