Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance project, Israel, Jordan and Palestine

In 2013, Israel, Jordan and Palestine signed an agreement on a project to replenish the rapidly shrinking Sea by transferring in water from the Red Sea along a 110-mile pipeline, in a region where distribution of water is a contentious issue.


Description

The Dead Sea has shrunk by 30 percent in the past two decades. In 2013, Israel, Jordan and Palestine signed an agreement on an ambitious and contested project to replenish the rapidly shrinking Sea by transferring in water from the Red Sea along a 110-mile pipeline (1). The proposed pipeline known as  the Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance Project (Red-Dead), is meant to help to slow the dessication of the Dead Sea and provide water for Jordanians, Israelis and Palestinians (3).

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Basic Data
Name Red Sea-Dead Sea Water Conveyance project, Israel, Jordan and Palestine
CountryPalestine
ProvinceRed Sea area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Desalination
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsUnder the agreement, 300 million cubic metres (10.6 billion cubic feet) of water will be pumped each year under the first phase. In its following phases, the Red-Dead project will see the transfer of up to 2 billion cubic metres of sea water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea (3).

Phase 1 involves the construction of a desalination plant with a capacity of 65-85 million cubic meters a year.

Power plants will also be built along the pump line to produce 32 megawatt annually.
Level of Investment (in USD)900, 000, 000
Type of PopulationUnknown
Company Names or State EnterprisesArab Potash Company (APC) from Jordan
Relevant government actorsWater and Irrigation Ministry (Jordan & Israel)
International and Financial InstitutionsInternational Monetary Fund (FMI)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEcoPeace Middle East, Friends of the Earth Middle East
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesEcoPeace Middle East has been calling on the World Bank to look into the current mismanagement of water resources in the region as the root cause for the demise of the Dead Sea.

EcoPeace Middle East has proposed restoring the flow of water in the Jordan River, which has been dammed and diverted until only 10% of its former flow reaches the Dead Sea. To do this, they argue that the mineral industry should be charged for the Dead Sea water used to fill evaporation ponds, which yield minerals like potash and magnesium.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials
Legislations

(6) FoEME’s Reaction to the Downscaling of the Jordan Red Sea Project
[click to view]

Links

(4) Can a controversial canal stop thousands of sinkholes from forming around the Dead Sea?
[click to view]

(3) Red-Dead project poses threats to environment, conservationist claims
[click to view]

(1) Dead Sea neighbours agree to pipeline to pump water from Red Sea
[click to view]

(2) Red Dead Canal Launch ‘Outrageously Irresponsible’
[click to view]

(5) 5 alliances shortlisted to execute Red-Dead’s phase I
[click to view]

Other Documents

Dead sea Mountains reflected on the surface of the Dead Sea close to En Gedi, Israel. (Photo: Oliver Weiken/EPA)
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAWK
Last update23/01/2018
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