Referendum against gold mining, Trun, Bulgaria

The people from Trun rejected gold mining by Euromax in a referendum on 11 June 2017: 1935 voted against, 125 in favor, with a participation close to 60 percent.


In a local referendum on June 11, 2017, in the western Bulgarian town of Trun  (or Tran) voters rejected with an overwhelming majority plans for gold mining in the area. Tran is a small town in Pernik Province, western Bulgaria. Over 400 people, including representatives of tourist companies and residents were publicly against the investment to develop a gold mine in the region.[3].  Eruomax, a Canadin company, seeked to build open and closed mines, an enrichment plant and two ponds. In the region, the presence of uranium ore has been proved, meaning the project presents a threat to the environment and the people near Trun.

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Basic Data
NameReferendum against gold mining, Trun, Bulgaria
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesGold
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsEuromax is a Canadian exploration and development company with three gold and base metal assets in Macedonia, Bulgaria and Serbia, focused on identifying, acquiring and developing mineral resources in South Eastern Europe with the objective of becoming a world-class mining company in the region. In 2011 it announced that it would mine 100 tons of gold from Tran, Bulgaria.
Level of Investment (in USD)57,000,000
Start Date2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesEuromax from Canada
Relevant government actorsSupreme Administrative Court

Town council of Trun
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersBulgarian Association of Alternative Tourism
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Referendum other local consultations
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Local referendum
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.By June 2017, the company Euromax announced is was quitting the project, without waiting for a Supreme Administrative Court ruling on the legality of the referendum in the town of Trun held on 11 June.
Sources and Materials

[2] Investor quits Bulgarian town of Trun after referendum vote against gold mining, says investment environment not bright Written by The Sofia Globe staff on June 15 2017.
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[1]Bulgarian town backs gold mining ban in referendum (SeeNews: Business intelligence for South Eastern Europe), 12 June 2017
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[3]Mountain Climbers Join Campaign For Local Nature-Protection Referendum, Novinite news, March 13, 2017
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Media Links

BNR news, 12 june 2017
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The news in "Yes to Life, No to Mining" on the referendum of 11 June 2017 in Trun, Bulgaria
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Other Documents

Trun referendum, The Sofia Globe
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Meta Information
Last update19/06/2017