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Regional Landfill Lećevica, Croatia

The plan of building a regional waste management center in Lećevica received a strong critique by eco-organisation, experts, and local politicians, as well as it had to be adjusted to the EU waste regulations.


The initiative for building regional landfill center for Split – Dalmatia County was launched in 2001. The center should be located on the 23 ha karst field near town Lećevica and should collect communal waste from in total 55 towns and municipalities in the county remaining after mechanical – biological treatment. The opening of new center would include closing down of numerous smaller municipal landfills. In 2009, the county authorities established the company Regionalni centar čistog okoliša d.o.o, which should be in charge of the landfill management. The financial for the center was provided from the Croatian Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency and by the European Union.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Regional Landfill Lećevica, Croatia
State or province:Split-Dalmatia County
Location of conflict:Lećevica
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

97,582m2 of the future landfill area is privately owned. The owners will be compensated with 15 USD per m2.

Project area:23
Level of Investment:68,000,000
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:455,000
Start of the conflict:2001
Company names or state enterprises:Regionalni centar čistog okoliša d.o.o. (RCCO) from Croatia - Management of the landfill
Hudec Plan d.o.o. from Croatia - Author of the study of environmental protection
Relevant government actors:The Split-Dalmatia County; the Croatian Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency; The Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Union (EU) - Investor (78,4% share)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:RAST ZAGORE
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Development of alternatives:The opponents demanded finding an alternative location to the landfill. They stressed their preferences to base the local development on tourism and production of organic food and aromatic plants.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The authorities do not consider finding other location, due to the previously invested funds and the EU deadlines for establishing of urban waste management systems across Croatia. In March 2016, the Ministry of Environment and Nature published the new project documents including “Study of environmental protection” and have invited broad public to participate in a process of "Evaluation of the need for environmental impact assessment”. The construction of the landfill Lećevica still didn't started, but it is almost certain that the center will be built by 2018, otherwise the country would have to pay a fine to the EU.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Study of environmental protection
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Call for of evaluation of the need for environmental impact assessment
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Study Annexes
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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Kasni centar u Lećevici, kamo ćemo sa smećem?
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Ministar Zmajlović: Milijuni su bačeni za Centar u Lećevici
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Ževrnja: Gradnja centra za otpad u Lećevici počinje 2015.
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Umjesto na Karepovac, smeće će u Šilovića Doce
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Kontra Centra za otpad u Lećevici: 'Želimo razvoj na temelju eko hrane i bilja, a ne ekološku rentu'
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Analiza znaka i djelatnost Regionalnog centra čisti okoliš d.o.o. (RCČO) Županije splitsko-dalmatinske
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Protivnicima otpada u Lećevici pomaže Bruxelles
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O Lećevici reagirali i iz Lijepe naše
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Tomislav Šuta: Lećevica otvara 80 'zelenih' radnih mjesta
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Gradnja centra za gospodarenje otpadom u Lećevici
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Centar u Lećevici do 2018. ili će nam EU udariti penale
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Šošić : Nećemo ostati bez europske potpore, očekujemo da na ljeto krene izgradnja Centra za otpad u Lećevici
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Lećevica: u što je potrošeno 50 milijuna kuna?
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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lecevica ili smecevica
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Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update16/05/2016
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