Reppie Incinerator at Koshe Landfill in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

In August 2018, Reppie, Africa's first waste to energy incinerator, was inaugurated at the Koshe landfill site, on the outskirts of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The project's completion threaten waste picker livelihoods by burning recyclable materials.


On Sunday, August 19th 2018, the Reppie waste to energy incinerator was inaugurated at the Koshe landfill site, on the outskirts of Addis Ababa [1]. The 118 million-dollar [2] project is the result of a partnership between the Government of Ethiopia and a consortium of international companies: Cambridge Industries Limited (Singapore), China National Electric Engineering and Ramboll, a Danish engineering firm [3]. The new plant burns rubbish and uses the heat to boil water and generate the steam needed to drive two turbine generators [4]. 

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Basic Data
Name Reppie Incinerator at Koshe Landfill in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
ProvinceAddis Ababa
SiteAddis Ababa
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Recycled Metals
Project Details and Actors
Project Details1,400 tons of waste burned daily [8], 350,000 tons of waste burned annually [2].

50MW of electricity produced annually [2].
Project Area (in hectares)19
Level of Investment (in USD)118,000,000 [2]
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population500-600 waste pickers [11].
Start Date24/11/2017
Company Names or State EnterprisesCambridge Industries Limited from Singapore - Provider of capital/technology
China National Electric Engineering Corporation (CNEEC) from China
Ramboll from Denmark
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Ethiopia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGlobal Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Wastepickers, recyclers
Forms of MobilizationLand occupation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Soil contamination
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths, Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseRepression
Development of Alternatives Global Alliance of Incinerator Alternatives
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The incinerator is still in operation, and it is not likely that the industry or the government has found a way to secure waste picker employment
Sources and Materials

[1] Africa's first Waste-to-Energy Plant launched in Ethiopia
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[3] Ethiopia’s waste-to-energy plant is a first in Africa
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[4] This African city is turning a mountain of trash into energy
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[5] Formal and Informal Actors in Addis Ababa's Solid Waste Management System
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[6] Africa's First waste-to-energy-plant set up in Addis Ababa
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[7] Women bear the brunt of Africa’s urban disasters, such as the collapse of landfills
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[9] Addis Ababa Landfill Tragedy Is Just The Tip Of The Iceberg
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[11] Recognise Informal Waste Pickers To Avoid Future Disasters Like Koshe
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[8] Ethiopia opens Africa's first waste-to-energy facility
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[click to view]

Other Documents

Reppie Facility Picture of the Reppie Waste-to-Energy incinerator facility
[click to view]

Koshe Landfill Picture of waste piled high at Koshe landfill
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorRickie Cleere, University of Bayreuth - ICTA, [email protected]
Last update10/05/2019