Rio Branco-Jauaperi Extractive Reserve, Brazil


Since 2001, ten communities living between the rivers Branco and Jauaperi, on the border between the Brazilian States of Amazonas and Roraima, have been fighting for the creation of the Extractive Reserve Rio Branco-Jauaperi. Communities there live from subsistence agriculture, small-scale fishing and the extraction of castanha, copaiba and vegetable fibers. The communities are organized around the Amazonia Association and other local associations and receive support from conservation NGOs, like WWF and Brazilian EJO Instituto Socioambiental.

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Basic Data
NameRio Branco-Jauaperi Extractive Reserve, Brazil
ProvinceAmazonas e Roraima
SiteNovo Airo e Rorainopolis
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Establishment of reserves/national parks
Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)600,000
Type of PopulationRural
Relevant government actorsGovernment of the State of Roraima, Ministrio de Minas e Energia - MME, Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovveis - IBAMA, Instituto Chico Mendes de Biodiversidade - ICMBio, Ministrio do Meio Ambiente - MMA, Casa Civil, Instituto de Terras Roraimense, Ministrio de Minas e Energia [MME]
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociacao Amazonia, WWF, Instituto Socioambiental, Fundao Vitria Amazonica
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Trade unions
Extractive communities
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Defense of creating conservation unit
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Global warming, Soil erosion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Deaths
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseDeaths
Land demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The extractive reserve has not yet been created and deforestation and predatory fishing activities still occur in the area.
Sources and Materials

BRASIL. Presidencia da Republica. Casa Civil. Decreto n 6.754, de 28 de janeiro de 2009: Regulamenta a Lei no 10.304, de 5 de novembro de 2001, que dispe sobre a transferencia ao dominio do Estado de Roraima de terras pertencentes Unio, e d outras provide
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BRASIL. Ministrio do Meio Ambiente. Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente. MOO N. 101, de 26 de junho de 2009: Manifesta apoio criao da Reserva Extrativista RESEX Baixo Rio Branco Jauaperi.
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Acesso em: 12 nov. 2012.


LDER de comunidade extrativista sofre atentado.
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INSTITUTO SOCIOAMBIENTAL. Expedio ao Mdio Rio Negro (AM) levanta informaes em reas prioritrias para a conservacao.
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ALMEIDA, Alfredo Wagner Berno, SOARES, Ana Paulina. A. Ribeirinhos e Artesos - Itaquera, Gaspar, Barreira Branca e So Pedro. Rio Jauaperi, Roraima e Amazonas. Braslia: PNCS-PCTB-UFAM, 2007 (Fascculo).


LDER de comunidade extrativista sofre atentado. . Disponvel em: Acesso em: 17 dez. 2008.
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SOUTO MAIOR, Ana Paula Caldeira. Estado de Roraima persegue Associao de Extrativistas do Baixo Rio Branco. Instituto Socioambiental, 01 jun. 2011. Disponvel em: Acesso em: 12 nov. 2012.
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Media Links

YOU TUBE. Depoimento de Chico Caetano. 13 nov. 2008. Disponvel em: Acesso em: 12 nov. 2012.
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Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014