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Roma evicted from their homes due to a Black Sea holiday resort, Romania

The local municipality took drastic and unlawful action in 2013 against more than 100 Roma living in the area for forty years. A favourable court decision was obtained in 2016.


There is a pattern of forced evictions of Roma people in Romania  [3]. In this case, the alleged reason was the development of a tourist resort. Ar argued by the ERRC, Eforie, a Black Sea holiday resort known for its clear blue waters, gleaming beaches and mild summer climate, was the arena in which the local municipality took drastic and unlawful action in 2013 against over100 Roma living in the area for forty years [1]. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Roma evicted from their homes due to a Black Sea holiday resort, Romania
State or province:Constanța
Location of conflict:Eforie (north of Mangalia)
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Tourism Recreation
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific commodities:Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details

A tourist resort in Eforie Sud leads to eviction of Roma families.

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:100
Start of the conflict:01/10/2013
Relevant government actors:Municipality of Eforie
European Court of Human Rights
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:ERRC, European Roma Right Centre
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Groups mobilizing:Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Land dispossession
Potential: Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:In April 2015, the ERRC, Amnesty and Romani CRISS stopped the threatened eviction of the families living in the dormitory. They also called on the Romanian government to take action to halt all forced evictions of Roma. In March 2016, the European Court of Human Rights felt compelled to stop the local municipality from evicting the Roma from the container settlement. This third eviction would have occurred again without prior warning, making these Roma once again homeless. April of 2016 saw another joint call from the ERRC, Amnesty and Romani CRISS for the Romanian Government to commit to legislative changes which would prevent forced evictions of Roma. In the wake of this recent victory for the Romani victims of forced eviction in Eforie, the ERRC calls for a proactive and mature state response to the long-overdue issue of forced evictions of Romanian Roma [1].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Althought the court called for stopping further illegal evictions of Roma people; still the community has been displaced and placed in an industrial part of the coast. Tourists and other non-Roma citizens enjoy the services of the Black Coast where Roma people used to live.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] Report on Sept. 2013 evictions
[click to view]

[4] Daily News (2013), Report on evictions
[click to view]

[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[3] Bucharest: 600 people protested for Roma rights, 29 July 2018. Denouncing forced evictions of the Roma without the authorities offering an alternative to housing in Cluj, Eforie Sud , Lugoj, Timişoara, Dej, Constanţa, Mangalia, Iaşi, Focsani and many others. Denouncing also six racist attacks in Ukraine in two months.
[click to view]

Other documents

Roma Families that were placed in containers after the eviction. Source:
[click to view]

The Roma Families that were left homless. Source:
[click to view] Demonstration in Bucharest in 2018 against forced evictions of Roma people is several places in Romania.
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update29/07/2019
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