Established in 2005, the “Camping River” camp, mostly comprised of prefabricated units or caravan-like infrastructures [5, 6], was one of the more than 100 official Roma camps in Italy, which are mainly under the oversight of local governments .
Considered as an equipped village until October 2017, the campsite was intended for the reception of Roma families due to an agreement between the managing body (the cooperative Isola Verde Onlus) and the Municipality of Rome .
As of the 1st of October 2017, the camp was no longer considered an equipped village but an illegally occupied private area , and so the once received Roma families of the camp were now considered illegal occupants of the site.
In this context, there was also a lack of funds received by the cooperative from the Palazzo Senatorio, which were part of the agreement, meant the absence of maintenance on pipes and filters. Afterward, the failure of the water purification and sewage system of the camping site was reported. On October 23rd, 2017, the Municipality of Rome ordered the managing body of the site “to provide for the restoration and maintenance of the systems”, at its own expense [7, 8].
In the Roma settlement, however, public health was at risk, and while the Campidoglio admitted the peril of the situation, they did not take responsibility for the public health issues .
The camp accommodated between 150 and 450 people of the Roma community [2, 3, 4] that are of Italian citizenship or come from countries such as Romania, Kosovo, Bosnia, and Serbia . The Roma could not leave the housing modules because almost none of them had found a rental house on the private market to be paid for with the financial support promised by the Campidoglio. In addition, one of the families found a home, and two women with four children were moved to a foster home .
On the 26th of July 2018, the local government of Roma ordained to evict and dismantle “Camping River”. The European Court for Human Rights demanded a postponement of the eviction, following an appeal filed by camp’s residents (who were staying in the Red Cross) and the Associazione 21 Luglio , but the local government proceeded on the grounds that there was a hygienic-sanitary emergency .
After it was clear that the people had nowhere to go, the Italian social services offered alternative housing to the people evicted  or “voluntary repatriation” [2, 4]. The offers were done by the local government and comprised the relocation of the families in a “casa famiglia”, a foster home-type, accommodation in residential assistance centers (for the most vulnerable Roma), or to get a monthly stipend of 800 EUR over a two-year period if they found their own property on the private rental market [3, 4].
Other assistance tools were the extension of the rental bonus to three years and the offer of an assisted voluntary repatriation, with a thousand euros for one year per person, three thousand per family .
One of the critics of these options, from the Associazione 21 Luglio, mentioned that they were not done with a previous consultation of the Roma and that the idea of getting access to private lease was controversial [3, 4]. Considering that a 2017 report by Amnesty International found that “Roma living in camps are effectively excluded from social housing in Rome" .
It is worth mentioning that in 2015, the Civil Court of Rome ruled the Roma camps in Rome were a form of segregation and discrimination based on racial grounds, breaching Italian and European law  and that Associazione 21 Luglio estimates that there are between 120,000 and 180,000 Roma, Sinti, and traveler people in Italy. In 2017 alone, it was recorded that there were 230 Roma evictions across the land [4, 5].
As of 2019, the former camp is just a land full of accumulated waste. The mayor of Rome in that period, ordered to "eliminate the polluting factors that determine the unhealthy condition of the area and the environmental damage caused by the pollution of the Tiber river where their flow discharges”. These actions, which should have been done 15 days after the eviction have yet to be started , seemingly not as much of an emergency as it was at first determined.