This mining project proposes the exploitation of 120 tonnes of gold and 100,000 tonnes of copper in huge open pits. Rovina could thus become the largest mining operation in Romania, the size of the two open pits – 500 and 600 m diameter respectively and depth between 300 and 400 m – exceeding in size even the Rosia Montana project. The entire area is currently covered with agricultural land, pastures and forests, all project objectives being located on uninhabited areas but in the close vicinity of Rovina and Merisor villages belonging to Criscior and Bucureşci communes. In a straight line Rovina is only 20 kilometres distant from Rosia Montană and only 7 km away from Brad, a town with 13,900 inhabitants. NAMR has granted the exploitation title for Rovina to a private operator, in a total lack of transparency. It is extremely serious that local population is completely ignored in the stage of issuing and granting the mining titles. Most of the people who would be directly affected by the mining project do not even have basic information about the project; most of them do not even understand what an open pit of such size means. Carpathian Gold (CPN:TSX), a Canadian mining junior, intends to open a low-cost open-pit copper and gold mine. The Rovina deposit is owned by Carpathian Gold through the company Samax Romania Limited (based in the Virgin Islands), which in turn holds Samax România, a limited liability company (SRL) registered in Baia Mare, Romania. According to a company announcement of July 2011, Barrick Gold (ABX:TSX), the largest mining company in the world, purchased 9% of the shares of Carpathian Gold for the amount of 20 million dollars. Rovina is thus the first mining project held 100% by a foreign company, with no participation of the Romanian state. According to the agreement, Carpathian only has to pay 4% royalties to the Romanian state. The region is already heavily polluted, being included as a hot spot on the list “Baia Mare Task Force”, an environmental program developed by the UN together with the European Union, after the disaster caused by the Baia Mare cyanide spill. The new mining project considerably increases the environmental risks in the region. The development of projects in the area would entail “the generation of no less than 2,900 hectares of mining waste”.