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Ruptured Pipeline Spews Crude Oil, Nigeria


Maroko is a densely populated settlement located in Uvwie Local Government Area of Delta State. The people are predominately farmers and fisher folks.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Ruptured Pipeline Spews Crude Oil, Nigeria
State or province:Delta State
Location of conflict:Uvwie Local Government Area
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:11/2002
Company names or state enterprises:Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Federal Ministry of Environment, National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Proposal and development of alternatives:-Shell should clean up the spill and pay proper compensation to affected local residents.
-Immediate commence the process of replacing all its aged and obsolete pipeline in the Niger Delta.
-Stop the dangerous practice of laying pipeline across inhabited settlements.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The displaced local residents have migrated to near by communities and cities in search for survival.
Proper clean have not been carried out by Shell, and the affected residents are yet to be compensated.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency (NOSDRA)

Federal Ministry of Environment

Meta information
Contributor:Nnimmo Bassey
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:572
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