Ruptured Pipeline Spews Crude Oil, Nigeria


Maroko is a densely populated settlement located in Uvwie Local Government Area of Delta State. The people are predominately farmers and fisher folks.

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Basic Data
NameRuptured Pipeline Spews Crude Oil, Nigeria
ProvinceDelta State
SiteUvwie Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date11/2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesRoyal Dutch Shell (SPDC) from Netherlands
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsFederal Ministry of Environment, National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Development of Alternatives-Shell should clean up the spill and pay proper compensation to affected local residents.

-Immediate commence the process of replacing all its aged and obsolete pipeline in the Niger Delta.

-Stop the dangerous practice of laying pipeline across inhabited settlements.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The displaced local residents have migrated to near by communities and cities in search for survival.

Proper clean have not been carried out by Shell, and the affected residents are yet to be compensated.

Sources and Materials

National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency (NOSDRA)

Federal Ministry of Environment

Meta Information
ContributorNnimmo Bassey
Last update08/04/2014