Shells rusty and ill maintained 24 inch pipeline used to convey crude oil and gas from Forcados to Warri Refinery ruptured spewing over 250 barrels of crude oil directly into homestead and surrounding environment at Maroko .
About 20,000 local residents were affected, and Shell ordered eviction of residents of Maroko community without compensation nor proper remediation.
Federal Ministry of Environment, National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:
Environmental Rights Action
Conflict & Mobilization
HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Farmers Indigenous groups or traditional communities Local ejos Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:
Development of a network/collective action
Visible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)
Visible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Conflict outcome / response:
Development of alternatives:
-Shell should clean up the spill and pay proper compensation to affected local residents. -Immediate commence the process of replacing all its aged and obsolete pipeline in the Niger Delta. -Stop the dangerous practice of laying pipeline across inhabited settlements.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:
The displaced local residents have migrated to near by communities and cities in search for survival. Proper clean have not been carried out by Shell, and the affected residents are yet to be compensated.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)
National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency (NOSDRA)
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