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Mina San Cristobal en Potosi y reubicación de la comunidad, Bolivia

La explotación de la mina implicó la relocalización de la comunidad de San Cristóbal, existente desde tiempos coloniales, originando graves conflictos sociales


San Cristóbal se sitúa en el Municipio de Colcha K, en la provincia de Nor Lípez, Departamento de Potosí. Con altitudes entre los 3.800 y 4.500 msnm.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Mina San Cristobal en Potosi y reubicación de la comunidad, Bolivia
State or province:Potosi
Location of conflict:Colcha K
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Water access rights and entitlements
Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Silver
Project Details and Actors
Project details

mina a cielo abierto vida util 17 años reservas: 285.303.000 ton., con 1,41% de Zn, 0,48% de Pb, y 53,0 g/t de Ag.

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Level of Investment:1400000000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2010
Company names or state enterprises:Sumitomo Corporation from Japan
Minera San Cristobal S.A. from Bolivia
Relevant government actors:Corte Suprema de Bolivia
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Federacion Regional Unica de Trabajadores y Campesinos del Altiplano Sur FRUTCAS, Federacion Sindical de Trabajadores Mineros de Bolivia.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Artisanal miners
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Local ejos
Social movements
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Criminalization of activists
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Para el inicio de las operaciones, se reubico el poblado, sin embargo esto no ha evitado que sigan dándose problemas tanto de tipo social como ambiental.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Convenio 169 de la OIT
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Fact sheet Bolivia San Cristobal EJOLT
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

OLCA web
[click to view]

CEDIB - La Mina San Cristóbal, Bolivia
[click to view]

Bolpress - San Cristóbal: El gran negocio minero
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Patricio Chavez & JMA
Last update08/02/2016
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