Last update:
2019-07-25

Saudi airstrikes targeting farming land, Yemen

There is substantial evidence emerging that the Saudis and their coalition allies are deliberately targeting Yemen’s tiny agricultural sector in a campaign which, if successful, would lead a post-war Yemeni nation into starvation.


Description:

There is substantial evidence emerging that the Saudi Government and their coalition allies are deliberately targeting Yemen’s tiny agricultural sector in a campaign which, if successful, would lead a post-war Yemeni nation not just into starvation but total reliance on food imports for survival [1-5]. Much of this would no doubt come from the Gulf states which are currently bombing the country.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Saudi airstrikes targeting farming land, Yemen
Country:Yemen, Rep.
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Other
Military installations
Specific commodities:Fruits and Vegetables
Land
Live Animals
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Agricultural production is the single most important contributor to Yemen's economy, accounting for 20 percent of GDP. The agricultural sector provides approximately 58 percent of the country's employment.

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Level of Investment: > $2,760,000,000 according to The MoAI and MFW with support of FAO
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:15,996,400
Start of the conflict:01/08/2018
Relevant government actors:Saudi Arabia and the United States of America
Yemeni government
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityUnknown
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:International ejos
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Media based activism/alternative media
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Malnutrition
Potential: Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Development of alternatives:The kingdom signed up to the additional protocol of the August 1949 Geneva Conventions which specifically states that “it is prohibited to attack, destroy, remove or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the civilian population, such as foodstuffs, agricultural areas for the production of foodstuffs, crops, livestock, etc, for the specific purpose of denying them for their sustenance value to the civilian population.
The head of a UN-mandated team of investigators on Yemen has accused Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) of rights abuses.
A report published in August, which said that it had "reasonable grounds to believe that the parties to the armed conflict in Yemen have committed a substantial number of violations of international humanitarian law".
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been accused of interfering in the UN's panel's work, which reports war crimes committed by both regimes.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[7] The Strategies of the collation in the Yemen war: Ariel bombardment and food war. by Martha Mundy
[click to view]

[6] Yemen: Preliminary Damage and Needs Assessment

Report to the Government of Yemen from: World Bank Group, United Nations System Islamic Development Bank, and theEuropean Union

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Empire of Information: The War on Yemen and its Agricultural Sector
[click to view]

[2] Saudis Accused of Targeting Yemeni Agriculture
[click to view]

[4] New tragedy in Yemen as Saudi airstrike kills family of beekeepers on their farm
[click to view]

[5] Saudi Arabia ‘deliberately targeting impoverished Yemen’s farms and agricultural industry’
[click to view]

[3] Famine looms in Yemen as us backed Saudi bombing intentionally targets food production
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Bahaa Zaatiti
Last update25/07/2019
Comments
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