Maritime Terminal of Teluk Rubiah of Vale, Malaysia

Local movements raised against environmental disruption due to a iron ore processing facility, which covers a vast area of Protected Natural Reserve.


In 2011, the subsidiary of Vale S.A. in Malaysia began the construction of the Maritime Terminal of Teluk Rubiah. TRMT is strategically located along the Straits of Malacca, one of the world’s busiest shipping channels, covering a 450-acre area (around 182 ha) of original Forest Reserve. According to the company's website, "The investment of US$ 1.37 billion has been concluded and the centre now serves as a gateway connecting our core mines in Brazil to the consumer markets in Asia. Officially known as the Teluk Rubiah Maritime Terminal (TRMT), the facility reduces the lead time to our clients in Asia by around 25 days." [1]

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Basic Data
NameMaritime Terminal of Teluk Rubiah of Vale, Malaysia
ProvincePerak State, Manjung Reserve
SiteTeluk Rubiah
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Mineral processing
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Ports and airport projects
Specific CommoditiesLand
Iron ore
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe facility is comprised of a deep water wharf and a stockyard with a static capacity of 3.2 million tons of iron ore where different types of iron ore can be customized to the needs of regional steelmakers.

The construction of the Teluk Rubiah Maritim Terminal requested an investment of 1,37 billion dollars. The is no information regarding the investment of the iron ore processing facility project in the surrounded area.
Project Area (in hectares)182
Level of Investment (in USD)1,037,000,000.00 [1]
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date01/04/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesVale Malaysia from Brazil - Main Investor and Promoter of the project
Vale (Vale) from Brazil
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Malaysia, Department of Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters- "Say No to Vale" Campaign:

- Selamatkan Teluk Rubiah Manjung (Save Teluk Rubiah Manjung):

- Selamatkan Pantai Warisan Teluk Muroh (Save Teluk Muroh):

-Local NGO (For environmental justice and global sustainability) Persatuan Sahabat Alam- KUASA:

-Malaysian Human Rights Commission
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents
Potential: Other environmental related diseases, Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases, Deaths, Other Health impacts
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The mobilizations did not have any concrete impact on stopping or blocking the realization of the Terminal, nor of the iron ore processing facility. Therefore, local NGOs are still involved in events and campaigns for environmental justice related to the importance of local flora and fauna protection.
Sources and Materials

Newspaper article: "Teluk Rubiah: a forest worth preserving"
[click to view]

Newspaper article: "Teluk Rubiah: Vale of tears for the Malaysia project"
[click to view]

Newspaper article: "Sukaham to look into the reclamation project in Teluk Muroh"
[click to view]

Local Blog Pulau Pankor: "Teluk Rubiah: a lost reserve"
[click to view]

Newspaper article "Royal link in Iron Ore Plant"
[click to view]

[1] Vale Malaysia - Teluk Rubiah Maritime Terminal
[click to view]

Media Links

Facebook page "Say No To Vale" campaing
[click to view]

Facebook Page "Selamatkan Teluk Rubiah Manjung" (Save Teluk Rubiah)
[click to view]

Facebook Page "Selamatkan Pantai Warisan Teluk Muroh" (Save Teluk Muroh)
[click to view]

Facebook Page of a local environmental organization acting in the protection of the sea livelihood, at the moment seriously at risk: Selamatkan Penyu & Hutan Bukit Pantai Segari.
[click to view]

AVAAZ Community Petition: Save Malaysia's sea turtles, compromised by the environmental sea pollution caused by the nearby activities of Vale Coorporation.
[click to view]

Facebook page of the local NGO KUASA Persatuan Aktivis Sahabat Alam, supporting the Say No to Vale Campaign
[click to view]

Other Documents

"Say No To Vale" Campaign's Logo

Source: Facebook Page "Say No to Vale"
[click to view]

Save Teluk Muroh Beach Don't destroy our mother nature, Campaign's Logo

Source: Facebook Page "Save Teluk Muroh"
[click to view]

Natural Security At Risk

Source: Facebook Page "Say No to Vale"
[click to view]

Teluk Rubiah's local strikes Source: Facebook Page "Say No to Vale"
[click to view]

Environmental and Landscape Impact Teluk Rubiah's iron ore facility's construction

Source: Facebook Page "Save Teluk Muroh"
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAlexandra D'Angelo ([email protected])
Last update25/03/2019