Selaulim Dam Goa, India


The Salaulim Dam (also spelled Selaulim, Saluli) located on the Salaulim River, a tributary of the Zuari River in Goa, India, is an integral component of the Salaulim Irrigation Project which envisages benefits of irrigation and drinking water supply. Selaulim reservoir is the the source of potable water for about 55 per cent of the Goas population.

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Basic Data
NameSelaulim Dam Goa, India
SiteSelaulim Dam
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Mineral processing
Specific CommoditiesManganese
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe dam is situated about 100 km south of Panaji, the Capital of Goa. There are about 19 mining leases operating within a few kilometers of its periphery.

The dam is a composite earth-cum-masonry dam of 42.7 metres (140 ft) height with a water spread area of 24 km2 (9.3 sq mi).

(For other details about the dam, Wikipedia:
Project Area (in hectares)83
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesSesa Goa Limited from India
Soc Timblo Irmaos Limited from India
Chowgule and Co. Ltd from India
V M Salgaoncar & Bros Pvt from India - some of the mines involved include Curpem Iron ore, Sem Denominacao Expecial mine, Oikrio Dirodgal Curdi iron mine, Polo Dongor Iron ore Mine, Polo Dongor iron ore mine, Gulcon Dogor Iron ore mine
Relevant government actorsGovernment of Goa, Water Resources Minister, Goa
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersStudy conducted by The Energy Resources Institute (TERI) in 1994 showed excess iron and manganese levels in the Salaulim reservoir water., Environmentalist Ramesh Gawas, Goyencha Xetkarancho Ekvott (GXE)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew legislation
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The Goa Government has taken initiative to shut down the mines pouring manganese and iron ore in the Selaulim reservoir,
Sources and Materials

Goa’s Selaulim Dam reservoir may be open for water sports
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(1) Down to Earth 'Mining in Goa: damage to the environment greater than loss of revenue'
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(2) '19 mines within 500 metres of Goas Selaulim reservoir: Kamat'
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(3) The Times of India, 'Pirna, Nanoda villagers united against mining'
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The Economic Times 'Goa Government to shut down mines polluting Selaulim dam'
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First Post 'Goa govt to shut down mines polluting Selaulim reservoir'
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People complain of health problems in Sanguem
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Parrikar should visit Selaulim dam as it is a serious issue: Gaonkar
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Parrikar should visit Selaulim dam as it is a serious issue: Gaonkar
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Goa to shut down mines polluting Selaulim dam
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Goa to close mines polluting Selaulim dam
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Plaint filed against six mining firms for polluting Selaulim dam

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Media Links

Selaulim Dam, Goa
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Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update28/12/2015