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Sendai Coal-Fired Power Station, Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan

Among a wave of construction of new CFPP in Japan, a lawsuit against a single coal-fired power plant was launched by residents of Sendai City.


According to the Media and Local NGOs, the residents have been opposing the operation of a coal-fired power plant that emits 670,000 tons of CO2 emission per year in Sendai City, Japan, for five years [1, 2,3,4]. In 2014, the construction plan of a coal-fired power plant, Sendai Power Station, at Miyagino district, Sendai City, was reported by the media[1]. It was developed by the subsidiaries of KEPCO(Kensai Electric Power Co.) and ITOCHU ENEX Co., LTD.with the installed capacity of 112 MW. This capacity does not require an Environmental impact assessment (EIA).  The residents and city council requested to set a voluntary assessment but was never responded by the developer until 2017 when the construction was completed without explanation to the residents. A citizen group called Anti-Coal Sendai(仙台港の石炭火力発電所建設問題を考える会) was initiated for monitoring and opposing the coal power plants in Sendai City, Japan[1] On September 27, 2017, 124 Miyagi prefecture residents, including local residents, filed a court case against Sendai Power Station Co., Ltd. Since the Sendai City ordinance did not require the company at the time of planning, they did not conduct an environmental assessment. The construction started without communicating the details of the project to the residents. In addition to the various problems of coal-fired power generation that have been seen so far, the plaintiffs are asking the Sendai PS for their consistent disregarding attitude and seeking a suspension of operations. This is the first lawsuit in Japan against a single coal-fired power plant and has attracted attention from both inside and outside the country.[2,4]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Sendai Coal-Fired Power Station, Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan
State or province:Miyagi Prefecture
Location of conflict:Sendai City
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Titanium ores
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Sendai Power station is a coal-fired power plant, developed by the Kanden Energy Solution Co., Ltd. which is the subsidiaries of Kansai Electric Power Co, Inc, (KEPCO) and JEN Holdings which is under the ITOCHU ENEX Co, LTD.

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Level of Investment:273,880,500
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:330,000
Start of the conflict:2014
Company names or state enterprises: Kensai Electric Power Co, LTD (KEPCO) from Japan - Investor
Kanden Energy Solution Co., Ltd from Japan - Investor, developer
Itochu Enex Co., LTD. from Japan - Investor
JEN Holdings Compamy Ltd. from Japan - Developer
Relevant government actors:Sendai City Municipality Government
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Kikonetwork
Anti-coal Sendai
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Shareholder/financial activism.
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Other Environmental impacts
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The citizen group was not able to suspend the Sendai Power Station yet.
Sources & Materials

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Anti-Coal Sendai
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[2]Anti-Coal Sendai (仙台港の石炭火力発電所建設問題を考える会), [Problems related to Sendai PS], date of access 25/11/2019
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KEPCO Report
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仙台港の石炭火力発電所建設問題を考える会, 2017, 宮城県・仙台港蒲生干潟のすぐそばで石炭火力発電所建設工事進む!
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[4]SankeiBiz, [Residents continue to respond to coal-fired construction in Sendai], published on10/1/2018
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[5]仙台港の石炭火力発電所建設問題を考える会, [宮城県・仙台港蒲生干潟のすぐそばで石炭火力発電所建設工事進む!], 08/2/2017
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[i]KEPCO Report, [Who we are], date of access 25/11/2019
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[1]Don't go back to Sekitan by Kiko network(気候ネットワーク), [Local Movements], date of access 25/11/2019
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[3]Miyagiken Hokeni Kyoukai(宮城県保険医協会), [Coal-fired power plant Sendai Power Station pollution problem], date of access 25/11/2019
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[6] Japan continues to rely on coal-fired plants despite global criticism BY CHISATO TANAKA. Japan Times. 9 Oct. 2018.
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[7] Stopsendaipowerstation 10月28日判決 運転差止請求 棄却
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Japan Times
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Anti-coal movement in Sendai City Japan
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Anti-coal movements in Sendai City Japan
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Special website for Sendai PS lawsuit
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Other documents

Sendai PS litigation/EJO The description of litigation against Sendai PS
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Program Leaflet against Sendai Power Plant Photo Content from Shinsai-Nisshi-in-Sendai
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Meta information
Contributor:Environmental Justice team (Japan)
Last update04/07/2021
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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