Severstals steel plant, Russia


In 1995 Nadezhda Fadeyeva and other Russian citizens from the town of Cherepovets brought an action in local court against Severstal, Russia’s largest iron-smelting company. They alleged that the level of air and noise pollution from Severstal’s steel plant located in their town exceeded the maximum emissions permitted by Russian law and made the area in which they lived, about 450 metres from the steel plant, unsafe for habitation. In fact, according to Russian law, the 1000 metre area surrounding the plant is deemed unsuitable for residential property. The applicants argued that they should be resettled in an environmentally-safe area.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Severstals steel plant, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
(municipality or city/town)Cherepovets
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Metal refineries
Specific commodities:
Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Type of populationUrban
Company names or state enterprises:Severstal from Russian Federation
Relevant government actors:Cherepovets local court
International and Finance InstitutionsEuropean Court of Human Rights (ECHR)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Human Rights Centre 'Memorial'
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Noise pollution
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Development of alternatives:The applicants argued that they should be resettled in an environmentally-safe area.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Maximum emissions permitted under Russian law;

Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (the right to respect for private and family life, home and correspondence)

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Links provided by the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre:
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Meta information
Contributor:Irene Pietropaoli
Last update08/04/2014