08/04/2014

Shell contractors fingered in Bodo community oil theft/explosion, Nigeria

Description:

Bodo community is located in Gokana Local Govt Area of Rivers State. The community has an estimated population of 69,000 people, making it the largest indigenous community in Rivers. ‘Bodo City’ as it fondly called is host to Shell’s 24 and 28 inch Trans-Niger Pipeline. The people of Bodo are predominantly fishermen and farmers. The creek in the community serves as a fishing source and also a travelling route to neighbouring communities like Bonny, Andoni, Akwa-Ibom State and Nigeria’s neighbour Cameroon. The community has over the years suffered serious spills that have led to devastation of aquatic life and farmlands as well as threat to health and food security. On June 20th there was a major blow-out that occurred on the Bodo creek which resulted in serious injuries to Shell contract staff working on a facility in the community.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Shell contractors fingered in Bodo community oil theft/explosion, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:Ogoniland
(municipality or city/town)Bodo community
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific commodities:
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:19/06/2013
Company names or state enterprises:Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Relevant government actors:Nigerian National Petroleum Cororation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth NIgeria., Ogoni Solidarity Forum.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Women
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:Ejos demand that:

-Shell do a proper cleanup of the creek.

- A Joint Investigation Visit [JIV] be arranged immediately to investigate the cause of seasonal leakage and the report of the JIV made available to all stakeholders, including the community.

- The perpetrators of the act should be brought to book immediately, including arresting the JTF officers on duty at the duration of the mayhem.

- Shell adequately and promptly compensate Bodo Community for specific and general damage to the environment and property.

- The Federal and State authorities should take appropriate steps to ensure the above, that the impacted site is not only cleaned, but that the polluter pays adequately.

Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The community people continue to count their lost from the oil spillage cost by sabotage from Shells contractors. The spill released harmful substance into the surround causing lost of farmlands and fish ponds , and generally affected the socio -economic and cultural practices of the people. bring their entire livelihood to a decline.

Shell is yet to compensate the people and also clean up the spill from the area and affected villages.

Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency)

National oil spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA)

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

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Meta information
Contributor:Afoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014
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