Last update:
2014-06-24

Shell Shale Gas Project, Skåne, Sweden

Description:

In May 2008, Swedish governmental agency Bergsstaten gave Shell Exploration and Production AB (affiliate of Royal Dutch Shell Plc) permission for shale gas prospecting and test-drilling in Colonussänkan in Skåne, Sweden. Shell was test-drilling in three different places: Sjöbo, Hörby and Tomelilla.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Shell Shale Gas Project, Skåne, Sweden
Country:Sweden
State or province:Skåne
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Shale gas fracking
Specific commodities:
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Since the project ended in its exploration phase, there are no quantitative details on extraction.

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Project area:226,155
Level of Investment:Shell spent 30,8 million USD during test-drilling
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Shell Exploration Company B.V. from Netherlands - subsidiary to Royal Dutch Shell Plc
Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Relevant government actors:Shell Exploration and Production AB (Sweden, subsidiary to Royal Dutch Shell Plc, Netherlands)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Heaven or Shell, www.heavenorshell.se
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Withdrawal of company/investment
Company did not find it profitable enough to continue explorations.
Development of alternatives:Ejos demand that the Swedish law be changed to give municipalities and/or landowners veto.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The reason to why Shell Exploration and Production AB decided discontinue the explorations was not because of the resistance they met from EJO Heaven or Shell, but because the result from the test drillings showed that the project would not be profitable enough to proceed. The institutional and legislative issues that the protest group Heaven or Shell wanted to change remain the same.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Minerallagen (1991:45),
[click to view]

Miljöbalken (1998:808),
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Avdelningen för Fastighetsvetenskap, Lunds Tekniska Högskola,
[click to view]

Fredrik Johansson and Johan Pettersson, 2011, Naturgasprospektering i Skåne, Master thesis, Institutionen för Teknik och samhälle

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

(1) Heaven or Shell,
[click to view]

Hård strid om svensk gasutvinning, Svenska Dagbladet,
[click to view]

(2) Shell skrotar planer på gasutvinning, Skånskan,
[click to view]

(3) Shell får klartecken leta gas i Skåne, Ny Teknik,
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Linda Dubec
Last update24/06/2014
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