08/04/2014

Shell Spills Bodo Community, Nigeria

Description:

Bodo community is located in Gokana Local Government Area of Ogoniland, Rivers State. The community hosts Shells TransNiger pipelines.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Shell Spills Bodo Community, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:Rivers state
(municipality or city/town)Bodo Community, Gokana LGA, Ogoniland.
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific commodities:
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:70,000 to 150,000
Start of the conflict:08/2008
Company names or state enterprises:Royal Dutch Shell (Shell) from Netherlands
Relevant government actors:Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria., Amnesty International, Ogoni Solidarity Forum, Social Action, and other social movements.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
translation missing: en.m.mobilizing_groups.fisher_people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Global warming, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Potential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (undecided)
Bodo community has taken Shell to Court to demand for Justice. The case is pending.
Development of alternatives:1. Shell should carry out a comprehensive clean up of oil pollution and environmental damage in Bodo, in consultation with the community.

2. Ensure that people affected by the oil spills are provided with remedy. This should include rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantee of non repetition, as well as adequate compensation that takes into account long term impacts, health issues and all other reasonable damages.

3. Government Should ensure that oil pollution in Bodo is cleaned up as a matter of urgency and subject to independent verification.The clean up should be in line with international good practices.

4.Immediate provision of relief and assistance to those affected by the spill.

5.Shell should make a clear and public commitment to contribute 1 billion USD as an initial payment to an independent clean up fund for pollution in Ogoniland.

6.Alternative sources of livelihood should be provided for displaced community people

7. The government should ensure the implementation of the UNEP report on the assessment of Ogoniland.

8. The Federal Government of Nigeria should leave the oil in the soil and diversify the economy.

Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:For four years, the Bodo community has asked Shell to clean up the oil spill. One fisherman expressed the view of many when he said; the greatest priority is the clean up of the oil, so i can continue to fish again, But the pollution remains.

This clearly contradicts Nigerias existing regulations, which requires oil companies to act promptly to clean up oil spills, regardless of what caused them. Shell has also refused to pay compensation to the affected people.

Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules,laws policies and guidelines.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

The True Tragedy; Delay and Failures in Tracking oil spills in the Niger Delta: Amnesty International (2011), Peter Beneson House, UK.

Knee Deep in Crude.Vol.1 and 2;A publication of Environmental Rights Action. Nigeria.

UNEP Report (2011); Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland.

Shells Big Dirty Secret: extractive industries: Blessings or Curse: Shell Guilty Campaign,2009.

Annual Statistical Bulletin: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, 2010.

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Oil Spill.htm
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Other comments:The Bodo disaster is symptomatic of the wider situation surrounding the Niger Delta oil industries. For decades, the area and its people have been affected by thousands of oil spills.
Meta information
Contributor:Godwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
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