Last update:
2019-08-23

Shivdaspura Aero City, India

Farmers in 20 villages held a series of protests against land acquisition for a new airport and ‘aero city’ in Shivdaspura. They were unable to utilize land that was reserved for the airport for 15 years, from 2005-2020, stalling development in their area


Description:

In June 2015 it was reported that an international airport would be constructed in the vicinity of Shivdaspura village, 20 kilometres south of Jaipur, the capital city of the state of Rajasthan. An aerotropolis-type development was planned, called Shivdaspura Aero City, with hotels, shopping malls, cinemas, restaurants and a cargo hub.[1] At the end of September 2015 it became evident that mass eviction loomed for the project; an article published by the Times Of India warned that ‘sword of eviction hangs on 20 villages’ in the Shivdaspura area. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) had requested that the state government provide land measuring 6 kilometres by 2.5 kilometres for the airport. Then the state government instructed the Jaipur Development Agency (JDA) to acquire 2,100.8 hectares of land for a greenfield airport (an airport built on undeveloped land). The JDA had already prepared a proposal for land acquisition and had identified land for the airport in 2005-2006, after which land conversion for private housing schemes was banned within this area. Following this, in 2008, a proposal was sent to the AAI. The AAI inspected the area but turned down the airport proposal as it was only 25 kilometres away from the existing Jaipur Airport at Sanganer. The norm is that a new airport cannot be established within a 150 kilometre radius of an existing airport. Upon rejection of the project many public representatives wrote letters urging the JDA to lift the ban on land conversion, to no avail. The airport proposal was discussed again in 2010 and the Urban Development and Housing department (UDH) directed the JDA to examine the project.[2] 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Shivdaspura Aero City, India
Country:India
State or province:Rajasthan
Location of conflict:Jaipur District
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Other
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The JDA prepared a proposal for land acquisition and had identified land for an airport in Shivdaspura in 2005-2006. Then in 2008, a proposal was sent to the AAI which turned down the airport proposal as it was only 25 kilometres away from the existing Jaipur Airport. In 2010 the UDH directed the JDA to examine the project.[2] Proposals for an international airport in the Shivdaspura area were reported in June 2015. The project was called Shivdaspura Aero City, with hotels, shopping malls, cinemas, restaurants and a cargo hub.[1] Within the 2,100.8 hectare site, entailing land acquisition from 20 villages, a ‘special area’ has been earmarked requiring land acquisition from eight villages.[3] A JDA official stated that this area, measuring 6 kilometres by 2.5 kilometres, would include a “400 hectare area earmarked for developing hotel, lounge etc.”[5] In April 2019 it was reported that the Rajasthan state government and JDA might shelve the airport project due to shortage of funds for land acquisition.[13] On 6th August 2020 it was reported that the ministry of civil aviation had turned down the proposal to build the airport.[15]

Type of populationRural
Affected Population:80,000
Start of the conflict:30/09/2015
End of the conflict:06/08/2020
Relevant government actors:Jaipur Development Authority (JDA)
Urban Development and Housing (UDH) department
District Lease Committee (DLC)
Rajasthan State Government
Airports Authority of India (AAI)
Ministry of Civil Aviation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Shivdaspura greenfield airport hatao samgarah samiti / Greenfield airport Hatao Kisan Sangarsh Samiti
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Other environmental related diseases, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Other Health impactsIllnesses caused by pollutants emitted by aircraft
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:For 15 years, from 2005-2020, farmers from 20 villages faced eviction for the proposed Shivdaspura greenfield airport and they were prevented from developing their land since it was reserved for the project. Affected landholders' appeals went unheard by the authorities and 2,100.8 hectares of land remained reserved for the airport even though it had not been approved by the Airports Authority of India and it was uncertain whether it would actually be constructed. In August 2020 the ministry of civil aviation turned down the proposal to construct the airport and farmers were relieved their land was freed.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Jaipur Development Authority Act 1982, section 54(B): Allotment, regularization etc. of certain lands
[click to view]

THE RIGHT TO FAIR COMPENSATION AND TRANSPARENCY IN LAND ACQUISITION, REHABILITATION AND RESETTLEMENT ACT, 2013
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] जयपुर में विकसित होगी एयरो सिटी, बनेगा इंटरनेशनल एयरपोर्ट, moneybhaskar.com, 22 June 2015
[click to view]

[2] Sword of eviction hangs on 20 villages, Times of India, 30 September 2015
[click to view]

[3] Jaipur Development Authority all set to acquire land for second airport, Times of India, 6 February 2016
[click to view]

[11] No government nod for houses on land for new airport, Times of India, 9 June 2018
[click to view]

[4] Fate of farmers in Shivdaspura area hangs in balance, Times of India, 24 July 2017
[click to view]

[12] Shivdaspura Greenfield airport affected people appeal to CM Ashok Gehlot, DNA India, 21 January 2019
[click to view]

[5] Government needs Rs 6,000 crore to acquire land for new airport, Times of India, 3 November 2017
[click to view]

[6] JDA plans 1,171 hectares for runway in new project, Times of India, 10 December 2017
[click to view]

[7] Farmers and residents waned govt on greenfield airport project, patrika.com, 3 January 2018
[click to view]

[8] No government nod for houses on land for new airport, Times of India, 9 June 2018
[click to view]

[9] Greenfield Airport Project, Shivdaspura, Land Conflict Watch, 1 February 2018
[click to view]

[13] Fund crunch may drive JDA to shelve new airport project, Times of India, 7 April 2019
[click to view]

[14] Farmers body protests against new airport at Shivdaspura, Times of India, 13 August 2019
[click to view]

[8] Tough time for JDA to acquire land for projects, Times of India, 11 February 2018
[click to view]

[10] Farmers up in arms against land acquisition for new airport project, Times of India, 20 March 2018
[click to view]

[15] Shivdaspura farmers will get land back reserved for airport, Times of India, 06/08/2020
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Protest against Shivdaspura Airport project, Mahesh Seera, 12th August 2019
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Rose Bridger, Stay Grounded, email: [email protected]
Last update23/08/2019
Comments
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