The blockade of a Russian landfill site has inspired a nationwide movement against plans to export garbage to poorer and less populated areas in the Russian hinterlands. The landfill site in Russia’s Northwestern Arkhangelsk region is slated to process 500,000 tons of Moscow’s trash per year, and is being built near a railway station called Shiyes.
The city of Moscow has been facing serious issues with waste management for decades, reaching a trash crisis in 2018. Landfills from soviet times are in fact insufficient for the growing amount of solid household trash which is dumped in regional landfills, and only a tiny percentage is burned or recycled 
In March 2018, the Mayor of Moscow came under pressure to reform trash handling, as doctors linked the hospitalization of 60 school children to fumes originating from a local landfill . To avoid further protest in the capital region authorities decided to close controversial landfills and ship 6.6 mio tons of waste into other regions .
As a consequence, a trash reform came into effect on 1st of January 2019: 4 „ecoclusters“ in Moscow region compress and pack trash for storaging it in the „ecotechnoparks“ to be build accross European Russia.
One of the first „ecotechnoparks“ is being built 1200 km North of Moscow at Shiyes train station in Arkhangelsk region, with a planned capacity of 500.000 t of trash per year . End of August about 3,000 local people protested the landfill when they learned from social media that Moscow's trash will arrive within a few days and that plans for the „ecotechnopark“ do not include any recycling facility, but aim to storage trash for at least 30 years .
Local citizens take offense in the decision making process and demand a referendum. The local municipality for Shiyes, in the village Yrdomyi, wasn't involved in decision making, project documentation is lacking and no environmental impact assessment was carried out. 
The contracting for building the landfill was not publicised and the contract awarded to a company with personal ties to officials working for the Mayor of Moscow .
The landfill is being built in a water sanitation zone, designated to protect drinking water. The local branch of the „agency for natural resource management“ so far fined the building company „Technopark“ 800.000 roubles for pollution, which they currently appeal in court .
Since August repeated protests were held in Moscow and in 26 other regions where authorities plan to build new „ecotechnoparks“ . The protests drew 30,000 protesters in the street of Arkhangelsk on Dec 2 and a central square held a permanent protest camp for several weeks. At the construction site of the landfill an „Eco-Guard“ was installed in November to check the construction site for environmental damage at daily basis. This guard has been met with police inspections several times. One person was hospitalized .
The region's governor publicly insulted the protestors, which resulted in an unauthorised protest on April 7 with about 2000-3000 protesters calling for his resignation. Police detained some protesters, as of end of April a total of 32 protesters were given fines amounting to close to 1 mio roubles . Two of them were journalists who were fined 215.000 roubles for not carrying visible press cards and no letter of work engagement from a media house when arrested at the protest 
On 25th of April Arkhangelsk court allowed locals to register an initiative for holding a referendum. One of the initiators of the referendum is being prosecuted under a new law of „fake news“ for sharing information about the protest of April 7 on social media, max fine is 100.000 roubles .
On May 10 Arkhangelsk court ruled that building of the landfill is suspended and a technical building report for the landfill must be presented until 2019 June 17 .