Last update:
2014-04-08

Shougang, Marcona, Perú


Description:

La empresa china Shougang opera dos proyectos en Perú, la Cobriza que es una mina de cobre, la sexta en volumen en Perú, y la mina de hierro de San Juan de Marcona adquirida en 1992 por US$ 118 millones. Mina que, además de contaminar el ambiente, ha enfrentado muchas huelgas por los abusos laborales de la empresa. Shougang ha aparecido en la prensa internacional como un pésimo ejemplo de conducta empresarial china en nuevos proyectos extractivos El complejo minero metalúrgico de Shougang Hierro Perú S.A., procesa y comercializa el mineral del hierro, desde yacimientos ubicados en la costa sur del Perú a aprox. 530 km de la ciudad de Lima, en el distrito de Marcona, provincia de Nasca en la Región Ica.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Shougang, Marcona, Perú
Country:Peru
State or province:Ica
Location of conflict:Marcona
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Specific commodities:Iron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project details

mina a cielo abierto 1.500 millones de toneladas de hierro en reservas vida útil más de 100 años 10 millones de toneladas al año, subirá a 18 millones.

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Project area:15000
Level of Investment for the conflictive project1000000000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:15000
Start of the conflict:1992
Company names or state enterprises:Shougang Hierro Peru S.A. from China
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Sindicato de Obreros Mineros de Shougang Hierro Perú S.A.A.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Industrial workers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Forms of mobilization:Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Corruption
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:El conflicto recurrente es sobre todo de índole laboral por salarios. También hay reclamos por condiciones de trabajo y daños a la salud y ambientales.
Las protestas continúan.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Artículo New York Times (2010)

Hildegard Willer, Del sueño americano que se esfumó en un barco chino

Web Shougang

Periódico El Comercio

Sindicato de Obreros de Shougang

Revista Ideele (Brenda Cantoral)

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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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Meta information
Contributor:Joan Martinez Alier & Talia Waldron
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:349
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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