Last update:

Shrimp farming in Canavieiras, Brazil


Since 2001, fishermen, seafood collectors and crabs pickers of Canavieiras are suffering from the negative impacts of shrimp farming. Among the main consequences of this activity for local communities are the reduction of fish and crustaceans in the region; the contamination of rivers and mangroves; threats; violence and attempts at intimidation against fishermen and their families. In addition, there are reports of diseases among farm workers, arising from the Metabisulphite contamination, handled without personal protective equipment (PPE).The first complaints relating to these issues were published in 2002, when six associations of fishermen of Canavieiras denounced the high fish, shellfish and crabs kills as a result of the activities of local shrimp farms.

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Shrimp farming in Canavieiras, Brazil
State or province:Bahia
Location of conflict:Canavieiras
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Wetlands and coastal zone management
Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific commodities:Shrimps
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Currently 14 shrimp farms still operate in the region.

See more
Project area:100000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:2002
Company names or state enterprises:Equabras Auüicultura e Tecnologia Ltda.
Relevant government actors:Instituto Chico Mendes de Biodiversidade - ICMBIO;, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - IBAMA, Ministerio do Meio Ambiente - MMA
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Colonia de Pesca Z20;, Associacao dos Pescadores de Puxim do Sul;, Associacao dos Pescadores e Agricultores de Campinhos – APAC;, Associacao de Pescadores e Marisqueiras de Atalaia - APEMA;, Associacao de Pescadores e Agricultores de Puxim da Praia - AMPP;, Associacao de Pescadores e Marisqueiras de Oiticica;, Associacao de Moradores, Pescadores e Marisqueiras de Barra Velha
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
seafood collectors; crab pickers;
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Corruption
Land demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Local communities remain threatened by shrimp farming.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

SENADO FEDERAL. DECRETO DE 5 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Dispoe sobre a criacao da Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras, localizada nos Municipios de Canavieiras, Belmonte e Una, Estado da Bahia, e da outras providencias. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 05 nov. 2008.
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Ameacas de morte e de perda de emprego de familiares sao utilizados para oprimir a populacao e desmontar a Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras. Available at: Acesso em: 22 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

FREITAS, Sérgio; RODRIGUES, Jaqueline e DUTRA, Guilherme. Atentado destroi embarcacao comunitaria em Canavieiras. Conservacao Internacional Brasil, 22 mai. 2009. Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

EM defesa das Reservas Extrativistas da Prainha do Canto Verde/Ceara e de Canavieiras/Bahia. Combate ao Racismo Ambiental, 05 dez. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
[click to view]

FAUSTINO, Cris e PACHECO, Tania. BLOG ESPECIAL: Na Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras, Bahia, a comunidade aguarda, ansiosa, a acao de Lula contra a as ameaças da politica corrupta e do capital degradador. Combate ao Racismo Ambiental, 05 dez. 2010. Disp
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.