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Shrimp farms v. fishermen in Santa Rita, Brazil


The community of Forte Velho (Old Fort) has been struggling for years against the advance of shrimp farming on their traditional territory. It is one of the oldest fishing communities in the State of Paraiba. The beginning of Portuguese colonization in the region occurred at the river Paraíba delta, in the vicinity of Forte Velho community. Its name refers to an old fort on the site, an observation point built by the colonizers.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Shrimp farms v. fishermen in Santa Rita, Brazil
State or province:Paraiba
Location of conflict:Santa Rita
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific commodities:Shrimps
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:1000
Start of the conflict:2002
Company names or state enterprises:PRJC from Brazil
Relevant government actors:Instituto Nacional de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovaveis
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associacao de Moradores de Forte Velho
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
crab pickers
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement
Potential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite the company activities have been suspended by IBAMA, they are partially still operating as a result of a judicial decision.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Projeto de Carcinicultura compromete meio ambiente e impede passagem de moradores por acesso tradicional. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 09 mai. 2013.
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ESGOTO e criacao de camarao destroem manguezais da Paraiba. Ecodebate, 22 abr. 2009. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 02 ago. 2009.
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SUSPENSA atividade em viveiros de camara. O Norte, 19 jan. 2008. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 07 abr. 2013.
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MPF/PB quer desobstruir acesso impedido por viveiro de camarao. Procuradoria Geral da Republica. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 02 ago. 2009.
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Community meeting

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Fishermen getting ready to go to sea
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Meta information
Contributor:Diogo Rocha
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:231
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