On the 9th of June 2021, in Georgia, dwellers of Shukruti (Chiatura municipality) stopped a 31 day-long hunger strike and 110 day-long protests. The protestors were demanding compensation for environmental damage caused to their living area and housing space due to the uncontrolled extraction of manganese by Georgian Manganese LLC and its contractor company “Shukruti+.” 
Chiatura is an industrial town in the post-soviet country of Georgia. LLC Georgian Manganese and its contractors are employing 5,000 people locally, which makes them the largest employers in the area .
The inhabitants of one of the villages of Chiatura, Shukruti, started protests in February 2021, aiming to set up a tent in front of the City Hall of Chiatura, but the head of the local police and a city mayor did not allow them to do so. Then, demonstrators moved to the mining site in the village of Shukruti itself, prevented the ongoing works, and picketed the mines.
The locals claimed that mining was the main cause of the holes in their lands and of the wall cracks on their houses that appeared after the contractors started exploiting under their houses. These cracks and holes were used to expand daily causing destructive results. The village's infrastructure was also damaged due to the landslides caused by the company’s activities. Some protestors said that the constant noise of explosions and works going under their living area was giving them headaches. The loud sound was hindering even the communication and conversation between each other. Based on these harms, protesters demanded the evaluation of the damage, compensation for their loss, and a stop the mining activities near the inhabited areas to avoid similar problems in the future .
Even though the protestors got high media coverage and managed to articulate their demands to the company officials, they failed to get the central government’s attention. This is why the demonstrators relocated to Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, and set up tents in front of the US Embassy. According to the protestors, they hoped that the Embassy of the friend country would help in conflict negotiation. Although Georgian Manganese LLC belongs to Georgia American Alloys Inc., an entity registered in the United States, the protestors did not name it as the reason for the relocation. 
In May 2021, the protest reached the extreme form of hunger strike, and the members literally sewed their mouths shut. In parallel, civil society and non-governmental organizations organized the supportive demonstration in the capital. 
After the US Ambassador in Georgia, Kelly Degnan declared that she was ready to play the mediator between company representatives and protestors, the company decided to negotiate. 
Both sides signed the memorandum that ended the protest. The document said that the affected people would get compensation according to the assessment of Levan Samkharauli National Forensics Bureau. The involvement of the Bureau was the protestors’ initiative.
However, the 2021 strikes were not the first time that the inhabitants of Chiatura had to protect their living and working conditions. In 2019, a protest that started among 150 ‘special regime’ miners, on the 15th of May spread quickly to the whole workforce, and on May 27, on the 11th day of a hunger strike by workers, local shops were closed. Schools were left idle as thousands of residents joined a solidarity march through the city, including school children.  One of the demands by that time was to stop transporting extracted manganese in open-back lorries, which resulted in manganese dust being scattered in the streets. According to the local activists, the dust and the absence of filters on the carriers caused the pollution of the town's main river, Kvirila, and the latter changing the color got the nickname of ‘black river’.
The mining makes the news headlines not only with the protests but also with the tragic and frequently fatal accidents. Based on the Ministry of Internal Affairs data, Transparency International (a non-governmental organization) says that 212 employees died due to work-related accidents and 691 were injured in 2011-2015, alone. 
The company profile provided by Green Alternative, a non-governmental organization striving for social and environmental justice in Georgia, shows that Georgian Manganese LLC belongs to Georgia American Alloys Inc, an entity registered in the United States and that runs the property in Georgia through the company with the same name - Georgian American Alloys Sàrl - registered in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (offshore). According to the Georgian Entrepreneurial Register, Georgian American Alloys is the owner of Georgian Manganese LLC, Vartsikhe 2005 Ltd, and GAA Management Ltd. 
The official website of Georgian Manganese LLC, mentions a brief history of extraction in the town before and after their entrance into the market saying that initially at the end of the 19th century, Chiatura used to provide 50% supply to the world’s manganese demand. 
Nowadays, Chiatura Mine Enrichment Plant produces and enriches 1.3 million tons of manganese ore per year. The average annual production volume of manganese concentrate is 330,000 tons. Meaning that 10% of the products Georgia exports abroad come from the aforementioned companies. The major importers of the natural resource are Russia, and North and South American countries. The steel sector accounts for 90% of manganese use in the United States and worldwide. When iron ore (an iron and oxygen combination) is transformed into iron, manganese eliminates oxygen and sulfur. It's also an important alloy for converting iron to steel.
In Chiatura, the manganese ore is extracted at four older technology sites, nine underground mining sites, and seven open quarries. Once the ore is extracted, it is transported to Zestafoni (another industrial town in Georgia) and other processing facilities for further production. Additionally, Chiatura Mine features numerous onsite metal enrichment factories used to produce several grades of manganese concentrates and other derivative ore products.
Before 2009, the company was operating without an environmental impact assessment plan or license, according to the environmental policy advocacy group the Green Alternative. 
The company's compliance with the license provisions was not inspected until 2012 after the permit was obtained in 2009. Even though it has been fined multiple times for violating its rules since then, the company has been accused of not paying these fines and not making any major environmental reforms. 
According to official figures obtained by the Green Alternative, the company continues to cause "irreparable harm to the environment" and "have a negative impact on the soil, water, and air" and as a result of violations of its license terms estimated environmental damage amounted to 420 million Georgian Lari (US$150 million).