Sime Darby plantations, Liberia


Liberia's government gave a total of 311,187 ha as land concession for Sime Darby to establish oil palm plantations in 4 counties. The company set up the initial 5,000 hectares of plantations in Garwula district causing severe negative impact to local communities.

Basic Data
NameSime Darby plantations, Liberia
ProvinceGrand Cape Mount County
SiteGarwula District
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Specific Commodities
Palm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsSime Darby was given a total of 39,010 ha in Grande Cape Mount county of which 5,000 ha have already been planted
Project Area (in hectares)311,190
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population27000
Start Date2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesSime Darby from Malaysia
Relevant government actorsPresident, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Land, Mines and Energy, Environmental Protection Agency
International and Financial InstitutionsNorwegian Government Pension Fund from Norway
Schroder Investment Management from United Kingdom
Pensioenfonds Zorg en Welzijn from Netherlands
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSustainable Development Institute
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Soil contamination
Health ImpactsPotential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Development of AlternativesGovernment should review the contract with Sime Darby so communities rights are not violated, communities should be compensated
Do you consider this as a success?No
Sources and Materials

Uncertain Futures: The impacts of Sime Darby on communities
[click to view]

Friends of the Earth
[click to view]

Sime Darby and Land grabs in Liberia


[click to view]

Other Comments
Meta Information
ContributorTeresa Perez
Last update20/02/2015