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Sinop Nuclear Power Plant, Turkey

The Sinop (İnceburun) Nuclear Power Plant is a planned nuclear plant located at Sinop in northern Turkey. It will be the country's second nuclear power plant after Akkuyu

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The Sinop (İnceburun) Nuclear Power Plant is a planned nuclear plant located at Sinop in northern Turkey. It will be the country's second nuclear power plant after Akkuyu The deal for the project was signed between Turkish Prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe on May, 2013, in a similar manner with the Akkuyu project. The expected cost of the project is US$22 billion. The project will be carried out by Atmea, a joint venture consortium of Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and French Areva (Earlier contacts was made with Canadian company CANDU). Furthermore, French electric utility company GDF Suez will be in charge of the operation of the nuclear plant, expected to start electricity production at 2023. Since 1976, especially for the last 20 years, there has been a strong anti-nuclear movement in Turkey which is making the conflict arise and back objections and protests all over Turkey. It faces strong determination of the Turkish government abuot proceeding with the plans.

Basic Data
Name of conflict:Sinop Nuclear Power Plant, Turkey
State or province:Sinop
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project details are as follows:

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Level of Investment for the conflictive project22000000000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:1976
Company names or state enterprises:Mitsubishi heavy industries (MHI) from Japan - Construction
Areva (Areva) from France - Construction
GDF Suez (GDF Suez) from France - Operation
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources,
TAEK-Turkish Atomic Energy Authority
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Anti-Nuclear Platform, Citizens of Sinop Platform, Green Party, Global Action Group, Greenpeace, The Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion, for Reforestation and the Protection of Natural Habitats (TEMA in Turkish acronym ), Nature Association and numerous environmental organizations and political parties.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Trade chambers, villagers
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Other socio-economic impactsPotential loss of income
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Proposal and development of alternatives:Cancelling the whole plant project and taking tourism based development measures in the region.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Since the project is on the proposal phase it is not possible to say anything about the result of the conflict.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Law on the agreement between the Republic of Turkey and The Russian Federation for the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes ()
[click to view]

Law on the agreement between the Republic of Turkey and The Republic of France for the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes
[click to view]

Law on the establishment and operation of nuclear power plants and sale of energy (In Turkish:
[click to view]

'Sinop is Ours' Movement:
[click to view]

Sabah (Newspaper in Turkish):
[click to view]

Platform against Nuclear:
[click to view]

Newspaper in Turkish:
[click to view]

[click to view]

Haberturk (Newspaper in Turkish):
[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Cem Iskender Aydin
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1040
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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