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Soc-fin KCD conflict, Cambodia


In December 2008, hundreds of ethnic Bunong villagers protested against the company who had started clearing the forest and fields close to the village.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Soc-fin KCD conflict, Cambodia
State or province:Mondulkiri
Location of conflict:Village of Bousra
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Rubber
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to WRM (2009):

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Project area:6,978
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:About 1000 families
Start of the conflict:2007
End of the conflict:2009
Company names or state enterprises:Khaou Chuly Development from Cambodia
Socfin from Luxembourg
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:None
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Ethnic Bunong
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Violations of human rights
Potential: Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Proposal and development of alternatives:FIDH therefore urges the Royal Government of Cambodia to:
− Apply an immediate moratorium on all ELCs ; and undertake a contractual compliance review
of all concessions , suspend those found to be operating unlawfully until full compliance with
national and international law;
− Facilitate rapid registration of indigenous communities and ensure effective and good faith
application of interim protection measures when registration as legal entities or collective
titling is not secured; 8 / Cambodia - Land Cleared for Rubber Rights Bulldozed – FIDH
− Ensure adequate and meaningful consultation and participation of communities affected by
ECLs, including to seek the free, prior and informed consent;
− Establish an independent monitoring mechanism on large scale agribusiness to guarantee the
respect for human rights standards and responsible agro-investment (involving civil society
− Guarantee in all circumstances the physical and psychological integrity of human rights
defenders in Cambodia, including land rights defenders.
FIDH is calling on Socfin-KCD to :
− Suspend all operations of the company until all the current disputes are resolved;
− Implement recommendations of the 2010 ESIA, including measures to protect the traditions
of the Bunong and to ensure the sustainability of their livelihoods;
− Review compensation provided to ensure compliance with international standards, including
compensation for moral damage.
FIDH is also calling on Luxembourg and other European home states involved to:
− Adopt legal and policy measures to ensure private actors legally registered under their
jurisdiction can be held accountable for human rights violations abroad and that victims have
access to effective remedies;
− Require that issuers listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange disclose the social and
environmental impacts of their activities (including those of their subsidiaries). [1]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The company basically won and was able to continue its operations.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

WRM Bulletin N°142 (May 2009)
[click to view]

[1] Cambodia - Land Cleared for Rubber Rights Bulldozed – FIDH
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:J.-F. Gerber
Last update18/08/2019
Conflict ID:1221
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