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Soga coal power plant, Chiba, Japan

Citizens worried that living conditions get worse if a new CFPP was built in an already polluted area. Strong support from groups in Japan concerned with climate change. Cancelled in 2018.


In 2011, the amount of electricity generated from coal in Japan (including electricity supply directly to industry) was 238.8 TWh, which is 14 times greater than the amount in 1973.  Coal fired electricity accounted for 25% of all electricity generated in 2011.  Furthermore, after the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima nuclear power plants accident that year, we witnessed increased use of coal as an alternative to nuclear power plants that have been suspended. (3). In 2017 it was reported that the Japanese government was moving ahead with its plans to build up to 45 new coal fired power stations. The power plants would utilise high energy, low emissions (HELE) technology that use high-quality black coal. Japan is the largest overseas market for Australian coal producers, taking more than a third of all exports. After the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, Japan started importing more liquefied natural gas (LNG). But coal is cheaper than LPG. (5)

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Soga coal power plant, Chiba, Japan
State or province:Chiba
Location of conflict:Chiba
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Chugoku Electric Power, JFE Steel Corporation, and Tokyo Gas have proposed a 1,070 MW ultra-supercritical power station at the site of JFE's old steel factory in the Chuo ward of Chiba. Estimated CO2 emissions, 6.420 million tons/ year.

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Type of populationUrban
Start of the conflict:2016
Company names or state enterprises:Kawasaki Steel from Japan
Chugoku Electric Power from Japan
JFE Steel from Japan
Tokyo Electrical Power Company (TEPCO) from Japan
Tokyo Gas from Japan
Relevant government actors:Environment Ministry
Industry Ministry
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Friends of the Earth (Japan)
Kiko Network, [email protected]
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsNasty smell.
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsCoal dust
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
EIA under discussion in 2018. Local citizens' movement, stronly supported by Kiko Network anti-climate change.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:It seemed likely that the Soha coal fired power plant will not be built. This was decided in 2018. Chugoku Electric Power, JFE Steel Corporation, and Tokyo Gas had proposed a 1,070 MW ultra-supercritical power station in the Chuo ward of Chiba. Chugoku Electric Power and JFE Steel planned to sell the power to TEPCO, and Tokyo Gas plans to sell the rest to the Kanto area. As of 2017 the EIA process was underway. The power station was planned for operation in 2024.
In December 2018, Chugoku Electric Power and JFE Steel announced the cancellation of the coal plant, saying they will instead consider project feasibility for joint construction of a natural gas thermal power plant. The cancellation followed sustained public protest of the plant.
Sources & Materials

(3) In many places, local movements against new coal-fired power plant project are getting active. In order to introduce local citizen’s movements at Sendai, Tokyo-Bay area, Kobe, and Takasago, set a new page call “Local Movements“.
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(6) Japanese government planning to build 45 new coal fired power stations to diversify supply. By Babs McHugh. 1 Febr. 2017.
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(4) Kiko Network. Developers Announced the Cancellation of New Coal Power Project in Ichihara, Chiba –The first case of cancellation on a large scale new project (March 23, 2017)
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(2) Reuters, Japan's environment minister sees business risk in building new coal-fired plant. 10 March 2017.
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

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(1) FoE Japan, 16 Oct. 2017, Soga needs no coal power plants – The new construction plan on a land with a history of pollution
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update05/07/2021
Conflict ID:3360
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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